3.056 Additif alimentaire E211 Benzoate de sodium

Conservateur et antioxygène de synthèse, le benzoate de sodium est le benzoate de soude chimique (C7H5NaO2), produit par neutralisation d’acide benzoïque avec du bicarbonate de sodium, du carbonate de sodium, ou de l’hydroxyde de sodium. Ce sel n’existe pas à l’état naturel.

Variantes E xxx : E210  Acide benzoïque
E211  Benzoate de sodium
E212  Benzoate de potassium
E213  Benzoate de calcium
E214  Hydroxybenzoate d’éthyle (éthyl parabène)
E216  Hydroxybenzoate de propyle (propyl parabène)
E218  Hydroxybenzoate de méthyle (méthyl parabène).

Autres noms

Francais Anglais
BENZOATE SODIUM  
Sel de sodium de l’acide benzène carboxylique Sodium salt
phénylcarboxylique Antimol
EINECS 208-534-8 (code UE) Benzoate of soda
184.1733 Benzoic acid sodium salt
SODIUM, BENZOATE DE Sobenate
  Ucephan

Fonction et caractéristiques

Listé comme conservateurs au Codex alimentarius.

Utilisations

Utilisé comme agent de conservation, à la fois antibactérien et antifongique, mais efficace dans des environnements légèrement acides.

Utilisations détaillées

Category Category Description
Absorbent Agent for soaking up liquid (product use or application unknown)
Adhesive, electronics Consumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. and related electronic componenets (motherboards, software, chargers)
Adhesive, electronics Consumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. and related electronic componenets (motherboards, software, chargers)
Adhesive, electronics Consumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. and related electronic componenets (motherboards, software, chargers)
Adhesive, electronics Consumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. and related electronic componenets (motherboards, software, chargers)
Adhesive, water_based, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Agricultural, animal Related to animals (but non-veterinary) e.g., animal husbandry, farming of animals/animal production, raising of animals for food or fur, animal feed, products for household pets
Agricultural, animal Related to animals (but non-veterinary) e.g., animal husbandry, farming of animals/animal production, raising of animals for food or fur, animal feed, products for household pets
Air_fresheners, fragrance, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Antiadhesive Used to prevent adhesion
Antifreezing Antifreezing agents, or de-icing products
Antimicrobial Type of pesticide used to destroy or inhibit the growth of disease-causing mechanisms, can be impregnated into clothing
Antimicrobial Type of pesticide used to destroy or inhibit the growth of disease-causing mechanisms, can be impregnated into clothing
Antimicrobial Type of pesticide used to destroy or inhibit the growth of disease-causing mechanisms, can be impregnated into clothing
Antiscaling Agent to prevent lime formation
Antisetoff Spray powder used to make air gap between printed sheets of paper
Antistatic For prevention and removal of static
Antistatic For prevention and removal of static
Automotive_care Relatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
Automotive_care Relatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
Automotive_care Relatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
Beverage, food_service Related to food and beverage service activities
Building_material Materials used in the building process, such as flooring, insulation, caulk, tile, wood, glass, etc.
Building_material Materials used in the building process, such as flooring, insulation, caulk, tile, wood, glass, etc.
Building_material Materials used in the building process, such as flooring, insulation, caulk, tile, wood, glass, etc.
Building_material Materials used in the building process, such as flooring, insulation, caulk, tile, wood, glass, etc.
Building_material, wood, preservatives Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
Cigarettes Chemicals in cigarettes, or tobacco related products, or related to the manufacturing of tobacco products
Cigarettes Chemicals in cigarettes, or tobacco related products, or related to the manufacturing of tobacco products
Cleaning_washing Related to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc; modifiers included when specific information is known, such as drycleaning, laundry, soap, window/floor, etc
Cleaning_washing Related to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc; modifiers included when specific information is known, such as drycleaning, laundry, soap, window/floor, etc
Cleaning_washing, carpet, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, carpet, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, carpet, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, flooring, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Cleaning_washing, furniture Furniture, or the manufacturing of furniture (can include chairs and tables, and more general furniture such as mattresses, patio furniture, etc.)
Cleaning_washing, furniture Furniture, or the manufacturing of furniture (can include chairs and tables, and more general furniture such as mattresses, patio furniture, etc.)
Cleaning_washing, furniture Furniture, or the manufacturing of furniture (can include chairs and tables, and more general furniture such as mattresses, patio furniture, etc.)
Cleaning_washing, textile, detergent Detergents with wide variety of applications; modifiers included when known
Colorant Term used for colorants, dyes, or pigments; includes colorants for drugs, textiles, personal care products (cosmetics, tatoo inks, hair dye), food colorants, and inks for printing; modifiers included when application is known
Cooling_agent Cooling agents, specific application unknown
Disinfectant General disinfectants/sanitizing agnets, disinfectants related to drugs (modified by ‘drug’), and disinfectants used in drinking water, or animal feed (modified by ‘drinking_water’ and ‘feed’)
Drug, human, hygiene, biocidal Pharmaceutical related
Drug, human, hygiene, biocidal Pharmaceutical related
Drug, human, hygiene, biocidal Pharmaceutical related
Drug, human, hygiene, biocidal Pharmaceutical related
Drug, human, hygiene, biocidal Pharmaceutical related
Drug, human, hygiene, biocidal Pharmaceutical related
Drug, inactive_ingredient Pharmaceutical related
Enzyme Enzyme inhibitors, stabilizers, and enzyme replacement agents
Extermination, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Facility, food_service Related to food and beverage service activities
Filler Fillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Filler Fillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Filler Fillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Filler Fillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Filler Fillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Fluid_property_modulator Includes antifoaming agents, coagulating agents, dispersion agents, emulsifiers, flotation agents, foaming agents, viscosity adjustors, etc
Fluid_property_modulator Includes antifoaming agents, coagulating agents, dispersion agents, emulsifiers, flotation agents, foaming agents, viscosity adjustors, etc
Food Food for human consumption, does not include food additives (see food_additive); also includes manufacture of food, facilities related to food (with appropriate modifiers)
Food_additive, flavor General flavoring agents used in foods, including condiments and seasonings
Food_additive, meat Related to the farming of meats (including cattle, poultry, swine), and the manufacturing of meat for human consumption
Food_contact Includes food packaging, paper plates, cutlery, small appliances such as roasters, etc.; does not include facilities that manufacture food
Food_contact Includes food packaging, paper plates, cutlery, small appliances such as roasters, etc.; does not include facilities that manufacture food
Food_contact Includes food packaging, paper plates, cutlery, small appliances such as roasters, etc.; does not include facilities that manufacture food
Heat_transferring Heat transferring agents, unknown usage or application
Heat_transferring Heat transferring agents, unknown usage or application
Heat_transferring Heat transferring agents, unknown usage or application
Heat_transferring Heat transferring agents, unknown usage or application
Heat_transferring Heat transferring agents, unknown usage or application
Hunting Related to the activity of hunting
Hunting Related to the activity of hunting
Hunting Related to the activity of hunting
Industrial, cleaning_washing Related to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc; modifiers included when specific information is known, such as drycleaning, laundry, soap, window/floor, etc
Industrial, cleaning_washing Related to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc; modifiers included when specific information is known, such as drycleaning, laundry, soap, window/floor, etc
Industrial, cleaning_washing Related to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc; modifiers included when specific information is known, such as drycleaning, laundry, soap, window/floor, etc
Industrial_manufacturing
Inert
Inside the home: automatic dishwashing detergent; gel Detergents for automatic dishwashers (gel formulation specified)
Inside the home: automatic dishwashing detergent; gel Detergents for automatic dishwashers (gel formulation specified)
Inside the home: automatic dishwashing detergent; gel Detergents for automatic dishwashers (gel formulation specified)
Inside the home: automatic dishwashing detergent; gel Detergents for automatic dishwashers (gel formulation specified)
Manufacturing, automotive Generally related to automobiles or their manufacture, used when automotive_care or automotive_component are not applicable (e.g. auto fuel, GPS units), or detailed information is not known
Manufacturing, automotive Generally related to automobiles or their manufacture, used when automotive_care or automotive_component are not applicable (e.g. auto fuel, GPS units), or detailed information is not known
Manufacturing, automotive Generally related to automobiles or their manufacture, used when automotive_care or automotive_component are not applicable (e.g. auto fuel, GPS units), or detailed information is not known
Manufacturing, beverage Beverages for human consumption (e.g., juice, water, alcohol), or related to beverages for human consumption (e.g. machinery for production of beverages, or facilities serving beverages)
Manufacturing, building_material, wood Wood used as a building material, wood preservatives
Manufacturing, building_material, wood Wood used as a building material, wood preservatives
Manufacturing, cigarettes Chemicals in cigarettes, or tobacco related products, or related to the manufacturing of tobacco products
Manufacturing, cleaning_washing, polish Car wax/polish, floor wax, general polishing agents, polish for metals, plastics, rubber, lacquers, leather, furniture, etc
Manufacturing, detergent Detergents with wide variety of applications; modifiers included when known
Manufacturing, export Related to manufacturing for export (additional information unknown)
Manufacturing, food Food for human consumption, does not include food additives (see food_additive); also includes manufacture of food, facilities related to food (with appropriate modifiers)
Manufacturing, machines Manufacturing of or related to machinery, for production of cement or food, air/spacescraft machinery, electrical machinery, etc
Manufacturing, machines, beverage Beverages for human consumption (e.g., juice, water, alcohol), or related to beverages for human consumption (e.g. machinery for production of beverages, or facilities serving beverages)
Manufacturing, metals Related to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Manufacturing, metals Related to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Manufacturing, metals Related to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Manufacturing, metals Related to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Manufacturing, personal_care Personal care products, including cosmetics, shampoos, perfumes, soaps, lotions, toothpastes, etc
Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, perfume Fragrance used as a personal care product
Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, perfume Fragrance used as a personal care product
Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, perfume Fragrance used as a personal care product
Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, perfume Fragrance used as a personal care product
Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, perfume Fragrance used as a personal care product
Manufacturing, rubber Rubber products (e.g. tires) and their manufacture
Manufacturing, rubber Rubber products (e.g. tires) and their manufacture
Manufacturing, soap Soaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
Manufacturing, soap Soaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
Manufacturing, soap Soaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
Paint, water_based Modifier included when source indicates the product is water based
Paint, water_based Modifier included when source indicates the product is water based
Personal care: face cream/moisturizer Moisturizers, lotions, and creams for primarily treating the face (excluding eye-specific products)
Personal care: face cream/moisturizer Moisturizers, lotions, and creams for primarily treating the face (excluding eye-specific products)
Personal care: face cream/moisturizer Moisturizers, lotions, and creams for primarily treating the face (excluding eye-specific products)
Personal care: face cream/moisturizer Moisturizers, lotions, and creams for primarily treating the face (excluding eye-specific products)
Personal care: hair conditioner Rinse-out everyday hair conditioners (excluding combo shampoo/conditioner products)
Personal care: hair conditioner Rinse-out everyday hair conditioners (excluding combo shampoo/conditioner products)
Personal care: hair conditioner Rinse-out everyday hair conditioners (excluding combo shampoo/conditioner products)
Personal care: hair conditioner; leave-in
Personal care: hair conditioner; leave-in
Personal care: hair conditioner; leave-in
Personal care: hair conditioner; spray Rinse-out everyday hair conditioners (excluding combo shampoo/conditioner products) (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Personal care: hair styling; spray Hair styling products for hold, shine, or texture (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Personal care: hair styling; spray Hair styling products for hold, shine, or texture (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Personal care: hair styling; spray Hair styling products for hold, shine, or texture (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Personal care: hand/body lotion Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body
Personal care: hand/body lotion Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body
Personal care: hand/body lotion Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body
Personal care: hand/body lotion Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body
Personal care: hand/body lotion; spray Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Personal care: hand/body lotion; spray Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Personal care: self-tanner; spray Chemical products for tanning, staining, or coloring the skin (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Personal care: shampoo Shampoos, including dual shampoo/conditioner products
Personal care: shampoo Shampoos, including dual shampoo/conditioner products
Personal care: shampoo Shampoos, including dual shampoo/conditioner products
Personal care: shampoo Shampoos, including dual shampoo/conditioner products
Personal_care, cosmetics Subcategory of personal_care, includes fragrances, shampoos, make-up, etc.; appropriate modifiers included when known
Personal_care, cosmetics, bath, baby_use Products specifically designed for use by babies (includes diapers, baby toys, baby clothing, baby food, etc., with appropriate modifiers)
Personal_care, cosmetics, bath, baby_use Products specifically designed for use by babies (includes diapers, baby toys, baby clothing, baby food, etc., with appropriate modifiers)
Personal_care, cosmetics, eye General term for personal care products related to the eye (e.g. eye care products)
Personal_care, cosmetics, eye General term for personal care products related to the eye (e.g. eye care products)
Personal_care, cosmetics, eye General term for personal care products related to the eye (e.g. eye care products)
Personal_care, cosmetics, eye General term for personal care products related to the eye (e.g. eye care products)
Personal_care, cosmetics, eye General term for personal care products related to the eye (e.g. eye care products)
Personal_care, cosmetics, face Personal care products used on the face (includes facial treatments, oil and blemish control, make-up removers, facial cleansers)
Personal_care, cosmetics, face Personal care products used on the face (includes facial treatments, oil and blemish control, make-up removers, facial cleansers)
Personal_care, cosmetics, fragrance Fragrances or odor agents, can be used in home products (cleaners, laundry products, air fresheners) or similar industrial products; usage indicated when known; more specific modifiers included when known
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair General products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye); more specific modifiers included when known
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair, detected Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an ‘ingredient list’ for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair, detected Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an ‘ingredient list’ for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair, detected Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an ‘ingredient list’ for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair, detected Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an ‘ingredient list’ for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair_removal, cream Personal care products, including scouring cream, hand creams, shaving cream, and tanning cream
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair_removal, cream Personal care products, including scouring cream, hand creams, shaving cream, and tanning cream
Personal_care, cosmetics, hand, cream Personal care products, including scouring cream, hand creams, shaving cream, and tanning cream
Personal_care, cosmetics, lotion Subcategory of personal care and cosmetics, lotions and moisturizers for consumer use
Personal_care, cosmetics, lotion, detected Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an ‘ingredient list’ for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Personal_care, cosmetics, perfume Fragrance used as a personal care product
Personal_care, cosmetics, preservatives Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
Personal_care, cosmetics, preservatives Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
Personal_care, cosmetics, soap, detected Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an ‘ingredient list’ for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Personal_care, soap Soaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
Personal_care, sunscreen Sunscreen, used on the skin to protect skin from the sun’s rays
Personal_care, sunscreen Sunscreen, used on the skin to protect skin from the sun’s rays
Personal_care, wash Personal care products used for washing the face, body, hands, etc
Personal_care, wash, body Personal care products for general use on the body (body makeup, body powder, body treatments, body cleansers)
Personal_care, wash, hand Personal care products used on the hands, such as soaps, lotions, sanitizers (does not include handwear, i.e. gloves)
Pesticide Substances used for preventing, destroying or mitigating pests
Pesticide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, biocide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, biocide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, biocide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, biocide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, biocide, active_ingredient Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with ‘pesticide’)
Pesticide, biocide, non_agricultural Pesticide for non agricultural use
Pesticide, consumer_use Term applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with ‘consumer_use’
Pesticide, inert_ingredient Inert ingredients in a pesticide
Pesticide, inert_ingredient Inert ingredients in a pesticide
Pesticide, pesticide_conventional Conventional pesticide; chemical or substance developed or produced primarily or only for use as a pesticide
Pesticide, pesticide_conventional Conventional pesticide; chemical or substance developed or produced primarily or only for use as a pesticide
Pesticide, pesticide_conventional Conventional pesticide; chemical or substance developed or produced primarily or only for use as a pesticide
Plastics Plastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Polish, automotive_care Relatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
Polish, plastics Plastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Preservatives Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
Printing Related to the process of printing (newspapers, books media, etc), printing inks, toners, etc
Printing Related to the process of printing (newspapers, books media, etc), printing inks, toners, etc
Printing Related to the process of printing (newspapers, books media, etc), printing inks, toners, etc
Process_regulator Accelerators, activators, oxidation agents, reducing agents, etc
Raw_material, personal_care, cosmetics Subcategory of personal_care, includes fragrances, shampoos, make-up, etc.; appropriate modifiers included when known
Sewage_treatment Relating to the disposal and/or treatment of sewage
Softener Softeners for plastic, rubber, paint, or adhesives, or generic ‘softeners’
Softener Softeners for plastic, rubber, paint, or adhesives, or generic ‘softeners’
Solvent, paint_remover Paint and varnish removers
Spray Leave-in everyday hair conditioners (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
Surface_treatment Surface treatments for metals, hardening agents, corrosion inhibitors, polishing agents, rust inhibitors, water repellants, etc (surfaces to be applied to often not indicated in source description)
Surface_treatment Surface treatments for metals, hardening agents, corrosion inhibitors, polishing agents, rust inhibitors, water repellants, etc (surfaces to be applied to often not indicated in source description)
Surface_treatment Surface treatments for metals, hardening agents, corrosion inhibitors, polishing agents, rust inhibitors, water repellants, etc (surfaces to be applied to often not indicated in source description)
Surface_treatment, paper Related to the manufcturing of pulp or paper products, or paper products in general
Toys, child_use Related to products specifically designed for children (e.g. toys, children’s cosmetics, etc)
Water_treatment Includes water softeners, lime removers, and the products used in the process of the collection, purification, and distribution of water

Toxicité

Toxique

Toxicité

Même que l’E210 ci bas

L’Autorité Européenne de Sécurité des Aliments (AESA/EFSA) a déterminé que certains groupes de population ont un risque élevé de consommer trop de E210 – Acide benzoïque.

  • Cancérigène potentiel (E210 et les sorbates E211..213 sont listés au nombre des additifs possiblement cancérigènes a l’Association pour la Recherche Thérapeutique Anti-Cancéreuse (ARTAC, France)) : isolément et/ou associé à la vitamine C par formation de petites quantités de benzène.
  • Mutagène in vitro sur des cellules humaines, activité clastogène,
  • Neurotoxique potentiel, contient des résidus de substances organochlorées neurotoxiques,

C’est une source d’hyperactivité chez l’enfant (voire aussi les adultes), la dose journalière admissible (DJA) serait facilement dépassée chez les enfants en bas âge, et l’association avec des colorants est soupçonnée d’amplifier les symptômes.

Nota : De l’acide benzoïque est autorisé dans la préparation même des colorants!

L’acide benzoïque et les sorbates pourraient réagir avec d’autres substances présentes dans l’alimentation, notamment la vitamine C (acide ascorbique, E300..303), l’acide érythorbique (acide d-ascorbique, E315..318), le bisulfite de sodium (E222), la tartrazine (E102), l’acide sorbique (E200), On parle aussi de perturbations digestives, d’inhibition des enzymes digestives, d’irritations, de limitation du taux de la glycine dans l’organisme, et d’influence possible sur la croissance.

Effet secondaire déclaré

L’effet secondaire le plus couramment rapporté est d’ordre allergique : asthme, urticaire, symptômes cutanéo-muqueux et respiratoires sur des personnes sensibles ou intolérantes aux salicylates. En association avec certains colorants les benzoates seraient impliqués dans un grand pourcentage de cas du syndrome d’hyperactivité chez les enfants.

Mieux évité par les personnes ayant des réactions allergiques car il peut causer une éruption cutanée similaire à l’éruption d’ortie avec de grandes quantités causant également une irritation gastrique. Lorsqu’il est combiné avec la tartrazine (E102), il provoque une réponse hyperactive très élevée chez les enfants. Peut causer l’asthme, en particulier chez ceux qui dépendent de médicaments stéroïdes de l’asthme, est également réputé pour causer des troubles neurologiques et de réagir avec bisulphite de soufre (E222)

RÉSIDUS AUTORISÉS (dits Critères de pureté)

Matières facilement oxydables (≤ n.s.), acides polycycliques (≤ n.s.), composés organochlorés (≤ 0,25%, exprimés en acide monochlorobenzoïque), métaux lourds (≤ 10 mg/kg [15b]), arsenic (≤ 3 mg/kg), plomb (≤ 2 mg/kg), mercure (≤ 1 mg/kg).

Dosage maximum dans les produits transformés

0 – 5 mg./kg. de masse corporelle/jour.

Liste des agents de conservation autorisés (Listes des additifs alimentaires autorisés) (Canada)

Partie 2 – Agents de conservation de la catégorie 2
Article Colonne 1
Additifs
Colonne 2
Permis dans ou sur
Colonne 3
Limites de tolérance et autre conditions
S.1 Benzoate de sodium Mêmes aliments que pour l’acide benzoïque 1 000 p.p.m., calculé en acide benzoïque
B.1 Acide benzoïque (1)
Achards (relish); catsup de tomates; confiture de (nom du fruit); confiture de (nom du fruit) avec pectine; confiture de pommes (ou de rhubarbe) et de (nom du fruit); cornichons; gelée de (nom du fruit) avec pectine; jus de (nom du fruit); jus de (nom du fruit) concentré sauf le jus d’orange concentré congelé; jus de (noms des fruits); marmelade d’ananas avec pectine; marmelade de figues avec pectine; marmelade de (nom de l’agrume) avec pectine; mincemeat; pâte de tomates; produits de poisson ou de chair emballés, marinés ou conditionnés à froid par une autre méthode (Titre 21); pulpe de tomates; purée de tomates
(1)
1 000 p.p.m.
(2)
Aliments non normalisés, [à l’exception des préparations non normalisées de
a) viande et sous-produits de viande (Titre 14);
b) poisson et chair (Titre 21); et
c) viande de volaille et sous-produits de viande de volaille (Titre 22)]
(2)
1 000 p.p.m.
(3)
Margarine
(3)
Si utilisé seul ou en association avec de l’acide sorbique, la quantité totale ne doit pas excéder 1 000 p.p.m.

Liste des additifs alimentaires autorisés ayant d’autres utilisations acceptées(Canada)

N’est pas listé  

Liste des additifs autorisés (États-Unis)

La FDA permet jusqu’à une concentration de 0,1% de benzoate de sodium en poids dans les aliments et les boissons. S’il est utilisé, il doit être inclus dans la liste des ingrédients

Sodium benzoate GRAS/FS, < 0.1%, Fruit Pres & Art Sw Fruit Jelly & Pres – 150.141, 150.161; < 0.1%, Margarine -166.110; Conc. Orange Juice – 146.152, 146.154; GRAS, GMP – 184.1733

Liste des substances ajoutés aux aliments Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)

CAS Reg. No.*
(or other ID)
Substance* Used for*
(Technical Effect)
21 CFR*
532-32-1 SODIUM BENZOATE ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT,
ANTIOXIDANT,
COLOR OR COLORING ADJUNCT,
FLAVOR ENHANCER,
FLAVORING AGENT OR ADJUVANT,
FUMIGANT,
PH CONTROL AGENT,
SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENT
181.23
184.1733
TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I–FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B–FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)

PART 184 — DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE

Subpart B–Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS

Sec. 184.1733 Sodium benzoate.
(a) Sodium benzoate is the chemical benzoate of soda (C7H5NaO2), produced by the neutralization of benzoic acid with sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, or sodium hydroxide. The salt is not found to occur naturally. (b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the « Food Chemicals Codex, » 3d Ed. (1981), p. 278, which is incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20418, or may be examined at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federalregister/codeoffederalregulations/ibrlocations.html. (c) The ingredient is used as an antimicrobial agent as defined in 170.3(o)(2) of this chapter, and as a flavoring agent and adjuvant as defined in 170.3(o)(12) of this chapter. (d) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed good manufacturing practice. Current usage results in a maximum level of 0.1 percent in food. (The Food and Drug Administration has not determined whether significally different conditions of use would be GRAS.) (e) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses established in this section, or different from that set forth in part 181 of this chapter, do not exist or have been waived. [42 FR 14653, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 5613, Feb. 14, 1984]

OTC Active Ingredients

UNII Code Active Ingredient Monograph Sub-category Panel Pending Final FR Citation
OJ245FE5EU sodium benzoate menstrual/diuretic       310.545(a)(24)(i)  

Avantages

Les benzoates sont souvent préférés, en raison d’une meilleure solubilité.

Pourrait avoir des avantages médicinaux

À de plus grandes doses, le benzoate de sodium peut aider à traiter certaines conditions médicales.

Le produit chimique réduit les taux sanguins élevés de l’ammoniac des déchets, comme chez les personnes atteintes d’une maladie du foie ou de troubles héréditaires du cycle de l’urée — conditions qui limitent l’excrétion d’ammoniac par l’urine.

En outre, les scientifiques ont identifié des façons par lesquelles le benzoate de sodium peut avoir des effets médicinaux, par exemple en liant des composés indésirables ou en affectant l’activité de certaines enzymes qui augmentent ou diminuent les niveaux d’autres composés.

Voici d’autres utilisations médicinales potentielles du benzoate de sodium qui font l’objet de recherches :

Schizophrénie : Dans une étude de six semaines chez les personnes atteintes de schizophrénie, 1 000 mg de benzoate de sodium par jour, parallèlement à la pharmacothérapie standard, ont réduit les symptômes de 21 % par rapport au placebo. Une étude similaire a également montré un avantage.

Sclérose en plaques (SEP) : Les études sur les animaux et les éprouvettes suggèrent que le benzoate de sodium pourrait ralentir la progression de la SP. Il peut s’agir de stimuler la production de myéline, le couvercle neurotoxique protecteur endommagé dans la SP

Dépression : Dans une étude de cas de six semaines, un homme avec la dépression principale donné 500 mg de benzoate de sodium quotidienne a eu une amélioration de 64% des symptômes, et les balayages de MRI ont montré la structure améliorée de cerveau liée à la dépression.

Maladie de l’urine de sirop d’érable : Cette maladie héritée inhibe la dégradation de certains acides aminés, faisant sentir l’urine comme le sirop. Une étude menée chez un tout-petit a révélé que le benzoate de sodium par voie intraveineuse (IV) a été

Trouble panique : Lorsqu’une femme atteinte d’un trouble panique — caractérisée par de l’anxiété, des douleurs abdominales, une oppression thoracique et des palpitations — prenait 500 mg de benzoate de sodium par jour, ses symptômes de panique ont été réduits de 61 % en six semaines.

Malgré les avantages potentiels, le benzoate de sodium peut avoir des effets secondaires, y compris des nausées, des vomissements et des douleurs abdominales.

En outre, les doses médicinales de benzoate de sodium peuvent épuiser votre corps de la carnitine d’acide aminé, qui joue un rôle critique dans la production d’énergie. Cela peut rendre nécessaire de prendre un supplément de carnitine.

Pour ces raisons, le benzoate de sodium n’est administré qu’à titre de médicament d’ordonnance à des doses soigneusement contrôlées et avec une surveillance continue.

Source de l’additif

L’acide benzoïque peut être obtenu par transformation chimique de nombreuses molécules organiques : hydrolyse du benzonitrile, oxydation du stilbène, du toluène, du benzaldéhyde, etc

Origine

Synthétique

Il est fabriqué assez facilement avec de la soude, de l’eau et de l’acide benzoïque.

Végétale Non Animale Non Minérale Non Synthétique Oui

Convient aux régimes

Végétarien Oui Végétalien Oui Hallal Oui Kosher Oui
Biologique Non Sans gluten Oui Sans noix Oui Sans œufs Oui

Autorisé dans les pays suivants

E.U., Canada et USA.

Additif interdit

Information non disponible

Utilisation restreinte

Restriction en Europe : V/1
La concentration maximale autorisée dans les préparations finies est de :
– 2,5% pour les produits rincés, à l’exception des produits bucco-dentaires
– 1,7% pour les produits bucco-dentaires
– 0,5 % pour les produits non rincés

Spécification technique

  • Formule :            C7H5O2Na
  • CAS :     532-32-1
  • EINECS Number: 208-534-8

Additifs similaires

Conservateurs Conservateurs Conservateurs Conservateurs
E202 E220 E250 E224
Sorbate de ppotassium Dioxyde de soufre Nitrite de sodium Disulfite de potassium

Ou peut-on retrouvé

Il est utilisé comme agent de conservation antibactérien et antifongique dans les milieux acides pour l’alimentation. Comme désinfectant et conservateur pour les produits d’entretien et d’hygiène personnelle.

Exemple de produits transformés contenant l’additif

  • Bières sans alcool
  • Boissons aromatisées
  • Boissons gazeuses
  • Bonbons
  • Caviar
  • Chewing-gum
  • Concombres marinés
  • Condiments
  • Confitures allégées
  • Conserves
  • Crevettes
  • Fruits confits
  • Jus d’ananas
  • Margarine
  • Mélange à gâteau au fromage
  • Olives
  • Olives de table.
  • Sauce barbecue
  • Sauce soja
  • Sauces
  • Soupes en briques
  • Tartes aux fruits
  • Vinaigrette

Aliments transformés ou l’on peut retrouver ce conservateur

Voir Open food fact 8016 Produits contenant cet additif

Autres applications non alimentaires

Cosmétiques et soins de la peau

Utilisé dans les cosmétiques et les articles de soins personnels, comme les produits capillaires les lingettes pour bébés, le dentifrice et le rince-bouche.

Ses fonctions (INCI)

  • Anticorrosif : Empêche la corrosion de l’emballage
  • Agent masquant : Réduit ou inhibe l’odeur ou le goût de base du produit
  • Conservateur : Inhibe le développement des micro-organismes dans les produits cosmétiques.

Cet ingrédient est présent dans 24.62% des cosmétiques.

  • Gel douche homme (84.93%)
  • Papier toilette (82.54%)
  • Shampooing antipelliculaire (77.54%)
  • Shampooing homme (77.11%)
  • Shampooing homme (77.11%)

Products with this Ingredient (EWG)

shampoo 150 products
body wash/cleanser 124 products
conditioner 106 products
facial moisturizer/treatment 99 products
moisturizer with SPF 94 products
foundation 93 products
liquid hand soap 76 products
serums & essences 73 products
facial cleanser 71 products
moisturizer 63 products
exfoliant/scrub 47 products
mask 44 products
beach & sport sunscreen 29 products
baby shampoo 27 products
around-eye cream 24 products
concealer 24 products
toners/astringents 24 products
baby soap 20 products
baby wipes 17 products
makeup primer 15 products
makeup remover 13 products
mascara 12 products
mouthwash 12 products
lip balm 11 products
sunless tanning 10 products
after sun product 10 products
body firming lotion 10 products
CC cream 9 products
hair treatment/serum 9 products
baby bubble bath 9 products
bronzer/highlighter 9 products
baby lotion 9 products
bubble bath 8 products
anti-aging 8 products
hand cream 8 products
styling gel/lotion 8 products
antiperspirant/deodorant 8 products
hair styling aide 7 products
BB cream 6 products
lip liner 6 products
lipstick 6 products
eye liner 6 products
toothpaste 4 products
blush 4 products
hair color and bleaching 4 products
body spray 3 products
antiperspirant/deodorant (men’s) 3 products
brow liner 3 products
hair spray 3 products
bath oil/salts/soak 3 products
detangler 3 products
styling mousse/foam 3 products
bar soap 3 products
muscle/joint soreness 2 products
hand sanitizer 2 products
oil controller 2 products
facial powder 2 products
other eye makeup 2 products
shaving cream 2 products
baby toothpaste 2 products
shaving cream (men’s) 1 products
eye makeup remover 1 products
lip plumper 1 products
baby sunscreen 1 products
body oil 1 products
baby oil 1 products
lip balm with SPF 1 products
beard oil 1 products
fragrance for women 1 products
eye shadow 1 products
Body Flüssigseife Sensitiv – 750 ml
Caribbean Island Wild Flowers – Crème mains – 25 ml
Crème pour les Mains et Ongles
Crème sans Rinçage à la Kératine – 250 ml
Damage Remedy – Shampooing restructurant – 250 ml
Elseve Color Vive Shampooing Soin
Lotion Confort – 200 ml
Masque Peeling – 50 ml
Moras Gel – 100 ml
Pure Color Micellar Shampooing Doux – 400 ml
Salviettine Intime – Intimate Wipes
Shampooing Soluté de Yogourt – 40 ml

Pharmaceutique

Présent dans de nombreux médicaments contre la toux et un antifongique dans les ondulants.

Le benzoate de sodium est utilisé comme agent de conservation dans certains médicaments en vente libre et sur ordonnance, en particulier dans les médicaments liquides comme le sirop contre la toux.

En outre, il peut être un lubrifiant dans la fabrication de pilules et rend les comprimés transparents et lisses, les aidant à se décomposer rapidement après que vous les avalez.

Enfin, de plus grandes quantités de benzoate de sodium peuvent être prescrites pour traiter des taux sanguins élevés d’ammoniac. L’ammoniac est un sous-produit de la dégradation des protéines, et les taux sanguins peuvent devenir dangereusement élevés dans certaines conditions médicales Autres informations

Autre produits

L’acide benzoïque et les benzoates E210..213 sont listés comme conservateurs au Codex alimentarius, et peuvent – selon sa vision – affecter de nombreuses denrées et boissons, y compris les compléments alimentaires, les boissons alcoolisées et les fruits secs. On les utilise aussi dans la fabrication des colorants (E1xx), des arômes, ainsi que des enzymes et de la présure.

Dans l’U.E. comme aux Etats-Unis, l’acide benzoïque et les benzoates sont exclus de la filière d’alimentation biologique (angl. organic food).

L’acide benzoïque et ses benzoates sont insérés dans de nombreux pharmaceutiques y compris des suppléments en vitamine C, ainsi que dans les cosmétiques, les agrochimiques, les pesticides, les arômes dans le tabac. Les chats seraient nettement plus vulnérables aux benzoates, évitez-leur ces additifs ainsi que les restes de nourritures humaines en contenant.

Il a également des utilisations industrielles. L’une de ses plus grandes applications est de dissuader la corrosion, comme dans les refroidisseurs pour moteurs de voiture.

De plus, il peut être utilisé comme stabilisateur dans le traitement photo et pour améliorer la résistance de certains types de plastique.

Bibliographie

www.ewg.org