3.063 Additif alimentaire E218 – Methylparabène

Le méthylparabène est un produit chimique appelé p-hydroxybenzoate de méthyle. Il est produit par estérification au méthanol de l’acide p-hydroxybenzoïque en présence d’acide sulfurique, suivie d’une distillation

Le méthylparaben est un ester 4-hydroxybenzoate résultant de la condensation formelle du groupe carboxy de l’acide 4-hydroxybenzoic avec le méthanol. C’est l’antimicrobien le plus fréquemment utilisé dans les cosmétiques. Il est présent naturellement dans plusieurs fruits, en particulier chez les bleuets. Il a un rôle en tant que métabolite végétal, un agent de conservation des aliments antimicrobiens, un agent neuroprotecteur et un agent antifongique.

Ce produit chimique appartient à la famille des parabènes, composant entre autres de cosmétiques et de pharmaceutiques. Voir aussi l’éthylparabène E214.

E214;

L’éthylparabène est utilisé pour ses propriétés antifongiques et antibactériennes. On le trouve dans les produits pharmaceutiques et de nombreux cosmétiques. Souvent présent dans des liquides sucrés tel que des sirops, aromatisant et médicinal. Officiellement, l’ensemble des parabènes sont listés comme conservateurs au Codex alimentarius.

Un parabène est une molécule artificielle dont la molécule de base est l’acide para-hydroxybenzoïque, un dérivé de l’acide benzoique, elle existe dans plusieurs aliments comme l’orge, la fraise, le cassis, certains raisins mais la toxicité de cette molécule ne serait pas du tout la même que celle de ses dérivés.

Variantes E xxx :

  • E209 – Heptyl parabène, Hydroxybenzoate d’hepthyle (para-)
  • E214 – Ethylparabène, Hydroxybenzoate d’éthyle (para-)
  • E215 – Ethylparabène sodique, Hydroxybenzoate d’éthyle sodique (para-)
  • E216 – Propylparabène, Hydroxybenzoate de propyle (para-)
  • E217 – Propylparabène sodique, Hydroxybenzoate de propyle sodique (para-)
  • E218 – Méthylparabène, Hydroxybenzoate de méthyle (para-)
  • E219 – Méthylparabène sodique, Hydroxybenzoate de méthyle sodique (para-)

Autres noms

Francais Anglais
parahydroxybenzoate de méthyle Methyl-p-hydroxybenzoate
Méthylparabène sodique Methylparaben
Hydroxybenzoate de méthyle sodique (para-) Tegosept M
4-Hydroxybenzoate de méthyle Nipagine M
  Mycocten

Fonction et caractéristiques

Conservateur de la famille des parabènes.

Utilisations

Usage dans les cosmétiques, parfums, déodorants… . Souvent utilisé dans des liquides sucrés. Présent dans de nombreux médicaments (sirops).

Utilisations détaillés

gid category srcid cids catogorydesc
46772539 Adhesive 22 7456 General adhesives and binding agents for a variety of uses
46772488 Adhesive, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772604 Adhesive, electronics 22 7456 Consumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. and related electronic componenets (motherboards, software, chargers)
46772591 Adhesive, water_based, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772546 Agricultural 22 7456 Relating to agricultural, including the raising and farming of animals and growing of crops
46772474 Agricultural, animal 22 7456 Related to animals (but non-veterinary) e.g., animal husbandry, farming of animals/animal production, raising of animals for food or fur, animal feed, products for household pets
46772596 Agricultural, crop 22 7456 Products used on crops, or related to the growing of crops
46772583 Air_fresheners, fragrance, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772529 Antistatic 22 7456 For prevention and removal of static
46772536 Apparel, arts_crafts 22 7456 Arts and crafts supplies such as painting, beading/jewelry making, scrapbooking, needlecrafts, clay, etc.
46772558 Arts_crafts 22 7456 Arts and crafts supplies such as painting, beading/jewelry making, scrapbooking, needlecrafts, clay, etc.
46772592 Arts_crafts, child_use, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772499 Arts_crafts, drawing 22 7456 Drawing supplies (i.e. part of arts_crafts)
46772572 Arts_crafts, paint 22 7456 Various types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
46772519 Arts_crafts, paper 22 7456 Related to the manufcturing of pulp or paper products, or paper products in general
46772531 Automotive_care 22 7456 Relatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
46772585 Automotive_care, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772503 Beverage, food_service 22 7456 Related to food and beverage service activities
46772502 Beverage, juice 22 7456 Subcategory of beverage, food for human consumption
46772542 Building_construction 22 7456 Related to the building or construction process for buildings or boats (includes activities such as plumbing and electrical work, bricklaying, etc)
46772588 Building_material, glass, colorant, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772482 Child_use 22 7456 Related to products specifically designed for children (e.g. toys, children’s cosmetics, etc)
46772483 Cleaning_washing 22 7456 Related to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc; modifiers included when specific information is known, such as drycleaning, laundry, soap, window/floor, etc
46772545 Cleaning_washing, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772580 Cleaning_washing, detergent 22 7456 Detergents with wide variety of applications; modifiers included when known
46772577 Cleaning_washing, flooring 22 7456 Flooring materials (carpets, wood, vinyl flooring), or related to flooring such as wax or polish for floors
46772485 Cleaning_washing, machines, dishwashing 22 7456 Related to dishwashing products (soaps, rinsing agents, softeners, etc)
46772589 Cleaning_washing, stain_remover 22 7456 Stain and spot removers
46772480 Cleaning_washing, stain_remover, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772637 Cleaning_washing, textile 22 7456 Textiles used for clothing or furniture upholstery, processes related to textiles (e.g. softeners, antiwrinkle agents), or the processing/manufacturing of textiles
46772532 Cleaning_washing, textile, detergent 22 7456 Detergents with wide variety of applications; modifiers included when known
46772543 Cleaning_washing, tools, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772487 Colorant 22 7456 Term used for colorants, dyes, or pigments; includes colorants for drugs, textiles, personal care products (cosmetics, tatoo inks, hair dye), food colorants, and inks for printing; modifiers included when application is known
46772469 Colorant, consumer_use, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772615 Construction 22 7456 General construction (as opposed to those things labeled building_construction); i.e. when source only indicates « construction, » construction of roads, or engineering
46772582 Consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772471 Decor 22 7456 Decorations, including items such as shower curtains, wall coverings, curtains, lamps, frames, patio and garden decor, etc
46772595 Detergent 22 7456 Detergents with wide variety of applications; modifiers included when known
46772478 Drug 22 7456 Drug product, or related to the manufacturing of drugs; modified by veterinary, animal, or pet if indicated by source
46772599 Drug, antiinflammatory 22 7456 Pharmaceutical related
46772520 Drug, dietary_supplement 22 7456 Pharmaceutical related
46772470 Drug, inactive_ingredient 22 7456 Pharmaceutical related
46772551 Drug, veterinary 22 7456 Veterinary activities or veterinary drugs (modified by « drug »)
46772484 Drug, veterinary, pet 22 7456 General term for pet related products, pet food, cleaning of pets, etc
46772554 Electronics, batteries 22 7456 Household or automotive batteries; only assigned when battery is specifically indicated by the source (e.g., « electronics » likely contain batteries, but if not specifically indicated as such by the source, then the « batteries » term would not be applied)
46772634 Electronics, batteries, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772498 Electronics, writing 22 7456 Materials and agents for writing, including correction materials, writing inks
46772510 Facility, food_production 22 7456 Related to food production (restaurants, catering, etc)
46772512 Facility, food_service 22 7456 Related to food and beverage service activities
46772605 Facility, hair, salon 22 7456 Tanning salong or hair salon (modifiers included)
46772602 Facility, salon, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772581 Feed, animal, pet 22 7456 General term for pet related products, pet food, cleaning of pets, etc
46772561 Fluid_property_modulator 22 7456 Includes antifoaming agents, coagulating agents, dispersion agents, emulsifiers, flotation agents, foaming agents, viscosity adjustors, etc
46772517 Food_additive 22 7456 Includes spices, extracts, colorings, flavors, etc added to food for human consumption
46772559 Food_additive, preservatives 22 7456 Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
46772553 Food_contact 22 7456 Includes food packaging, paper plates, cutlery, small appliances such as roasters, etc.; does not include facilities that manufacture food
46772618 Food_contact, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772537 Food_service 22 7456 Related to food and beverage service activities
46772540 Fragrance 22 7456 Fragrances or odor agents, can be used in home products (cleaners, laundry products, air fresheners) or similar industrial products; usage indicated when known; more specific modifiers included when known
46772568 Fragrance, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772630 Fungicide, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772527 Hunting 22 7456 Related to the activity of hunting
46772556 Industrial, cleaning_washing 22 7456 Related to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc; modifiers included when specific information is known, such as drycleaning, laundry, soap, window/floor, etc
46772569 Industrial_manufacturing 22 7456 NULL
46772632 Inert 22 7456 NULL
46772535 Lubricant 22 7456 Generic lubricants, lubricants for engines, brake fluids, oils, etc (does not include personal care lubricants)
46772584 Manufacturing, beverage 22 7456 Beverages for human consumption (e.g., juice, water, alcohol), or related to beverages for human consumption (e.g. machinery for production of beverages, or facilities serving beverages)
46772570 Manufacturing, chemical 22 7456 General term used only when the only information known from the source is « chemical, » typically related to manufacturing of chemicals, or laboratory chemicals
46772515 Manufacturing, cleaning_washing, polish 22 7456 Car wax/polish, floor wax, general polishing agents, polish for metals, plastics, rubber, lacquers, leather, furniture, etc
46772522 Manufacturing, detergent 22 7456 Detergents with wide variety of applications; modifiers included when known
46772616 Manufacturing, drug 22 7456 Drug product, or related to the manufacturing of drugs; modified by veterinary, animal, or pet if indicated by source
46772508 Manufacturing, export 22 7456 Related to manufacturing for export (additional information unknown)
46772518 Manufacturing, food 22 7456 Food for human consumption, does not include food additives (see food_additive); also includes manufacture of food, facilities related to food (with appropriate modifiers)
46772511 Manufacturing, machines 22 7456 Manufacturing of or related to machinery, for production of cement or food, air/spacescraft machinery, electrical machinery, etc
46772563 Manufacturing, machines, beverage 22 7456 Beverages for human consumption (e.g., juice, water, alcohol), or related to beverages for human consumption (e.g. machinery for production of beverages, or facilities serving beverages)
46772586 Manufacturing, machines, cigarettes 22 7456 Chemicals in cigarettes, or tobacco related products, or related to the manufacturing of tobacco products
46772575 Manufacturing, machines, food 22 7456 Food for human consumption, does not include food additives (see food_additive); also includes manufacture of food, facilities related to food (with appropriate modifiers)
46772566 Manufacturing, metals 22 7456 Related to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
46772524 Manufacturing, paint 22 7456 Various types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
46772538 Manufacturing, personal_care 22 7456 Personal care products, including cosmetics, shampoos, perfumes, soaps, lotions, toothpastes, etc
46772514 Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, perfume 22 7456 Fragrance used as a personal care product
46772496 Manufacturing, soap 22 7456 Soaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
46772479 Paint 22 7456 Various types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
46772550 Paint, water_based 22 7456 Modifier included when source indicates the product is water based
46772608 Paraben 22 7456 Class of chemicals typically used as preservatives in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals
46686562 Personal care: eye liner; liquid 22 7456 Eye liners or brow coloring products (liquid or gel formulation specified)
46686173 Personal care: face cream/moisturizer 22 7456 Moisturizers, lotions, and creams for primarily treating the face (excluding eye-specific products)
46686174 Personal care: face scrub 22 7456 Facial cleansing products containing exfoliating particles (excluding products for acne)
46686176 Personal care: foot care 22 7456 Miscellaneous products for application to feet, including scrubs, lotions, and deodorants
46686175 Personal care: hair conditioner; leave-in 22 7456 Leave-in everyday hair conditioners and detanglers
46686178 Personal care: hair styling; mousse 22 7456 Foaming hair styling products
46686177 Personal care: hair styling; powder 22 7456 NULL
46686171 Personal care: hand/body lotion 22 7456 Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body
46686560 Personal care: hand/body lotion; gel 22 7456 NULL
46686172 Personal care: toothpaste 22 7456 Toothpastes and dentrifices
46772528 Personal_care 22 7456 Personal care products, including cosmetics, shampoos, perfumes, soaps, lotions, toothpastes, etc
46772620 Personal_care, bath 22 7456 General term used only when enough information is not provided to assign a more specific beauty/cosmetics/personal_care related term
46772576 Personal_care, cosmetics 22 7456 Subcategory of personal_care, includes fragrances, shampoos, make-up, etc.; appropriate modifiers included when known
46772501 Personal_care, cosmetics, baby_use 22 7456 Products specifically designed for use by babies (includes diapers, baby toys, baby clothing, baby food, etc., with appropriate modifiers)
46772625 Personal_care, cosmetics, bath 22 7456 General term used only when enough information is not provided to assign a more specific beauty/cosmetics/personal_care related term
46772631 Personal_care, cosmetics, bath, baby_use 22 7456 Products specifically designed for use by babies (includes diapers, baby toys, baby clothing, baby food, etc., with appropriate modifiers)
46772507 Personal_care, cosmetics, body 22 7456 Personal care products for general use on the body (body makeup, body powder, body treatments, body cleansers)
46772486 Personal_care, cosmetics, body, powder 22 7456 Modifier used when source indicates product is powder based
46772636 Personal_care, cosmetics, conditioner, hair 22 7456 General products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye); more specific modifiers included when known
46772617 Personal_care, cosmetics, cream, colorant, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772541 Personal_care, cosmetics, deodorant 22 7456 Personal hygiene deodorant products
46772623 Personal_care, cosmetics, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772506 Personal_care, cosmetics, exfoliator 22 7456 Related to exfoliation of the body, i.e. personal care product
46772489 Personal_care, cosmetics, eye 22 7456 General term for personal care products related to the eye (e.g. eye care products)
46772530 Personal_care, cosmetics, face 22 7456 Personal care products used on the face (includes facial treatments, oil and blemish control, make-up removers, facial cleansers)
46772573 Personal_care, cosmetics, foot 22 7456 Related to foot care (e.g. personal care products for feet); does not include footwear
46772619 Personal_care, cosmetics, fragrance 22 7456 Fragrances or odor agents, can be used in home products (cleaners, laundry products, air fresheners) or similar industrial products; usage indicated when known; more specific modifiers included when known
46772494 Personal_care, cosmetics, hair 22 7456 General products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye); more specific modifiers included when known
46772594 Personal_care, cosmetics, hair, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772609 Personal_care, cosmetics, hair_dye 22 7456 Hair dye, to color the hair
46772627 Personal_care, cosmetics, hair_removal 22 7456 Related to hair removal on the body (shaving products, waxing products, trimmers/clippers)
46772603 Personal_care, cosmetics, hair_removal, cream 22 7456 Personal care products, including scouring cream, hand creams, shaving cream, and tanning cream
46772557 Personal_care, cosmetics, hand, cream 22 7456 Personal care products, including scouring cream, hand creams, shaving cream, and tanning cream
46772560 Personal_care, cosmetics, lips 22 7456 Subcategory of personal care and cosmetics, lip care products
46772564 Personal_care, cosmetics, lotion 22 7456 Subcategory of personal care and cosmetics, lotions and moisturizers for consumer use
46772626 Personal_care, cosmetics, lotion, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772597 Personal_care, cosmetics, nails 22 7456 Subcategory of personal care and cosmetics, related to nail products (nail polish, artificial nails)
46772598 Personal_care, cosmetics, perfume 22 7456 Fragrance used as a personal care product
46772500 Personal_care, cosmetics, preservatives 22 7456 Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
46772590 Personal_care, cosmetics, shampoo, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772491 Personal_care, cosmetics, shampoo, hair 22 7456 General products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye); more specific modifiers included when known
46772611 Personal_care, cosmetics, soap, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772525 Personal_care, dental 22 7456 Products related to dental/oral care and maintenance (toothpaste, toothbrushes, mouthwash), or dentist offices and workers (modified by « facility »)
46772622 Personal_care, feminine_care 22 7456 Tampons, sanitary napkins
46772624 Personal_care, first_aid 22 7456 Consumer use first aid products
46772621 Personal_care, foot 22 7456 Related to foot care (e.g. personal care products for feet); does not include footwear
46772492 Personal_care, sanitizer, hand 22 7456 Personal care products used on the hands, such as soaps, lotions, sanitizers (does not include handwear, i.e. gloves)
46772606 Personal_care, sexual_wellness 22 7456 Personal care products used for sexual wellness or pleasure (e.g. sex toys, massage oils, pleasure gels)
46772475 Personal_care, sexual_wellness, gel, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772497 Personal_care, shower, gel 22 7456 Personal care products indicated in gel form
46772574 Personal_care, skin 22 7456 Personal care products indicated for use on the skin (note applied when source indicates « skin »)
46772587 Personal_care, soap 22 7456 Soaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
46772534 Personal_care, soap, hand 22 7456 Personal care products used on the hands, such as soaps, lotions, sanitizers (does not include handwear, i.e. gloves)
46772635 Personal_care, sunscreen 22 7456 Sunscreen, used on the skin to protect skin from the sun’s rays
46772614 Personal_care, sunscreen, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772533 Personal_care, tools 22 7456 Includes tools used for personal care (e.g. razors, hair dryer, curling iron), tools used for cleaning (mops, brooms), kitchen utensils, power tools (saws, lawn mower), screwdrivers, etc; modifiers included when known
46772601 Personal_care, tools, hair_removal 22 7456 Related to hair removal on the body (shaving products, waxing products, trimmers/clippers)
46772612 Personal_care, wash 22 7456 Personal care products used for washing the face, body, hands, etc
46772544 Personal_care, wash, body 22 7456 Personal care products for general use on the body (body makeup, body powder, body treatments, body cleansers)
46772509 Personal_care, wash, face 22 7456 Personal care products used on the face (includes facial treatments, oil and blemish control, make-up removers, facial cleansers)
46772633 Personal_care, wash, hand 22 7456 Personal care products used on the hands, such as soaps, lotions, sanitizers (does not include handwear, i.e. gloves)
46772493 Pesticide 22 7456 Substances used for preventing, destroying or mitigating pests
46772549 Pesticide, animal, inert_ingredient 22 7456 Inert ingredients in a pesticide
46772607 Pesticide, biocide, active_ingredient 22 7456 Active ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with « pesticide »)
46772638 Pesticide, biocide, non_agricultural 22 7456 Pesticide for non agricultural use
46772571 Pesticide, consumer_use 22 7456 Term applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product » ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are for consumer use, yet the descriptor term is ambivalent about usage (e.g., cleaning_washing products may be for industrial or consumer use, when the source indicates consumer use, the consumer_use term is also applied) – see appendix for full list of unambiguous consumer related terms plus ambiguous consumer related terms which if indicated are labeled with « c
46772472 Pesticide, food_additive 22 7456 Includes spices, extracts, colorings, flavors, etc added to food for human consumption
46772473 Pesticide, inert_ingredient 22 7456 Inert ingredients in a pesticide
46772552 Pesticide, preservatives 22 7456 Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
46772521 Pesticide, veterinary, pet 22 7456 General term for pet related products, pet food, cleaning of pets, etc
46772523 Pet 22 7456 General term for pet related products, pet food, cleaning of pets, etc
46772593 Photographic 22 7456 Related to photography, film, photographic equipment, photographic laboraties, photochemicals, and developing of photographs
46772490 Polish 22 7456 Car wax/polish, floor wax, general polishing agents, polish for metals, plastics, rubber, lacquers, leather, furniture, etc
46772481 Polish, apparel_care, footwear 22 7456 Shoes, shoe care products, etc.
46772516 Polish, flooring 22 7456 Flooring materials (carpets, wood, vinyl flooring), or related to flooring such as wax or polish for floors
46772526 Polish, leather 22 7456 Leather products, and products/chemicals used in the process of tanning and dressing leather
46772505 Preservatives 22 7456 Includes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
46772548 Printing 22 7456 Related to the process of printing (newspapers, books media, etc), printing inks, toners, etc
46772579 Raw_material, personal_care, cosmetics 22 7456 Subcategory of personal_care, includes fragrances, shampoos, make-up, etc.; appropriate modifiers included when known
46772578 Repellent 22 7456 General repellant (such as water repelling agent)
46772600 Sewage_treatment 22 7456 Relating to the disposal and/or treatment of sewage
46772628 Softener 22 7456 Softeners for plastic, rubber, paint, or adhesives, or generic « softeners »
46772610 Sports_equipment 22 7456 Sporting equipment (e.g. soccer balls, basketball rims, fishing rods, tents, boating accessories, fitness equipment, boats/boating equipment, etc)
46772567 Sports_equipment, child_use 22 7456 Related to products specifically designed for children (e.g. toys, children’s cosmetics, etc)
46686561 Spray 22 7456 Lotions and creams primarily for hands and body (gel and spray or aerosol formulation specified)
46772504 Surface_treatment 22 7456 Surface treatments for metals, hardening agents, corrosion inhibitors, polishing agents, rust inhibitors, water repellants, etc (surfaces to be applied to often not indicated in source description)
46772513 Tools, personal_care, hair 22 7456 General products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye); more specific modifiers included when known
46772562 Toys 22 7456 Toys (e.g. dress-up clothes, dolls, playground equipment, bath toys, etc); pet toys; includes additional modifiers when appropriate
46772613 Toys, arts_crafts 22 7456 Arts and crafts supplies such as painting, beading/jewelry making, scrapbooking, needlecrafts, clay, etc.
46772477 Toys, arts_crafts, drawing 22 7456 Drawing supplies (i.e. part of arts_crafts)
46772555 Toys, baby_use 22 7456 Products specifically designed for use by babies (includes diapers, baby toys, baby clothing, baby food, etc., with appropriate modifiers)
46772495 Toys, child_use 22 7456 Related to products specifically designed for children (e.g. toys, children’s cosmetics, etc)
46772547 Toys, child_use, detected 22 7456 Chemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
46772476 Toys, lawn_garden 22 7456 Products used outside the home (includes outdoor toys such as sandboxes, canopies and shelters, garden statues, outdoor lighting and seating, outdoor power equipment, etc
46772565 Water_treatment 22 7456 Includes water softeners, lime removers, and the products used in the process of the collection, purification, and distribution of water
46772629 Writing, ink 22 7456 Inks used for printing or writing; modifier included when application is known

Toxicité

Toxique

Toxicité

Voir l’éthylparabène E214

E216 et E217 (version sodique) sont exclus de l’Union Européenne depuis 2006. La directive européenne 2006/52/CE rapporte que l’EFSA a estimé que la DJA (Dose Journalière Admissible) affectée a l’ensemble des parabènes (E214 à E219) ne devrait pas s’appliquer aux parabènes de propyle (E216 et E217), car ceux-ci, à l’inverse des parabènes de méthyle et d’éthyle, avaient des effets sur les hormones sexuelles et les organes reproducteurs mâles des jeunes rats.

Les effets secondaires les mieux communiqués sont aussi les plus légers : réactions allergiques sur un nombre restreint de consommateurs, asthme, urticaire, symptômes cutanéo-muqueux, hyperactivité et une sensibilité croisée à l’aspirine. Mais les parabènes sont aussi des perturbateurs endocriniens, ils activent les récepteurs des œstrogènes, induisant une possible action sur la fertilité et les tumeurs œstrogèno-dépendantes, comme le cancer du sein ; contrairement à ce que l’on croyait, les parabènes ne sont pas entièrement métabolisés et éliminés, mais peuvent s’accumuler intacts, en particulier dans les cellules cancéreuses. Quelques observations interpellantes rapportent des mutagènes, cancérigènes (les parabènes sont notamment listés au nombre des additifs probablement cancérigènes à l’Association pour la Recherche Thérapeutique Anti-Cancéreuse (ARTAC, France)), reprotoxiques. Et dans une moindre mesure comme vecteurs d’obésité, d’excitation et autres effets neurologiques, de vasodilatation. Officiellement, l’EFSA européenne ne reconnaît pas ou peu d’études toxicologiquement interpellantes quant aux para-hydroxybenzates (E214..219) aux dosages utilisés dans l’alimentation transformée, tout en admettant que l’exposition du consommateur européen n’a pas été évaluée adéquatement.

Note; Les aliments conservés par l’acide benzoïque, les benzoates et les p-hydroxybenzoates seraient extrêmement toxiques pour les chats, les restes d’aliments contenant ces produits ne devraient pas leur être donnés.

Réaction allergique

Utilisé comme agent de conservation dans les cosmétiques, mais potentialise les dommages induits par les UV de la peau.

RÉSIDUS AUTORISÉS (dits Critères de pureté)

Cendres sulfatées (≤ 0,05%), acide p-hydroxybenzoïque et acide salicylique (≤ 0,35%, exprimés en acide p-hydroxybenzoïque), arsenic (≤ 3 mg/kg), plomb (≤ 2 mg/kg), mercure (≤ 1 mg/kg)  

Dosage maximum dans les produits transformés

Jusqu’à 10 mg/kg de poids corporel.

Liste des agents de conservation autorisés (Listes des additifs alimentaires autorisés) (Canada)

Partie 1 – Agents de conservation de la catégorie 1
Article Colonne 1
Additifs
Colonne 2
Permis dans ou sur
Colonne 3
Limites de tolérance et autre conditions
M.2 Méthylparabène Mêmes aliments que pour le benzoate de p-hydroxyméthyle Mêmes limites de tolérance que pour le benzoate de p-hydroxyméthyle
P.5 Benzoate de p-hydroxypropyle (1)
Achards (relish); catsup de tomates; confiture de (nom du fruit); confiture de (nom du fruit) avec pectine; confiture de pommes (ou de rhubarbe) et de (nom du fruit); cornichons; gelée de (nom du fruit) avec pectine; jus de (nom du fruit); jus de (nom du fruit) concentré sauf le jus d’orange concentré congelé; jus de (noms des fruits); marmelade d’ananas avec pectine; marmelade de figues avec pectine; marmelade de (nom de l’agrume) avec pectine; mincemeat; pâte de tomates; produits de poisson ou de chair emballés, marinés ou conditionnés à froid par une autre méthode (Titre 21); pulpe de tomates; purée de tomates
(1)
1 000 p.p.m.
    (2) Aliments non normalisés, [à l’exception des préparations non normalisées de
a) viande et de sous-produits de viande (Titre 14);
b) poisson et chair (Titre 21); et
c) viande de volaille et sous-produits de viande de volaille (Titre 22)]
(2)
1 000 p.p.m.
Modification proposée à la Partie 2 de la Liste des agents de conservation autorisés (9 dec 2019)
Article Colonne 1 additifs Colonne 2 permis dans ou sur Colonne 3 Limites de tolérance et autres conditions
M.1 Benzoate de p-hydroxyméthyle (Méthylparabène) (1) [Retiré, 20AA-MM-JJ, (Voir NOM/ADM-01XX)]
(2) [Retiré, 20AA-MM-JJ, (Voir NOM/ADM-01XX)]
(3) Préparations antimousse (3) 5 000 p.p.m., calculé en acide p-hydroxybenzoïque. Si l’on emploie n’importe quel mélange de benzoate de p-hydroxypropyle, sel sodique de l’acide p-hydroxyméthyl benzoïque ou sel sodique de l’acide p-hydroxypropyl benzoïque, la quantité totale ne doit pas dépasser 5 000 p.p.m., calculé en acide p-hydroxybenzoïque.
(4) Préparations colorantes aqueuses pour utilisation dans les gommes à mâcher, les boissons non normalisées aromatisées et gazéifiées, les confiseries non normalisées ou les boissons non normalisées concentrées et congelées (4) Bonnes pratiques industrielles. La quantité totale ne doit pas dépasser 10 p.p.m. dans la boisson finie ou l’aliment fini. Si l’on emploie aussi son sel sodique, la quantité totale ne doit pas dépasser 10 p.p.m., calculée en benzoate de p-hydroxyméthyle.
(5) Préparations colorantes aqueuses pour utilisation dans les marinades (5) Bonnes pratiques industrielles. La quantité totale ne doit pas dépasser 40 p.p.m. dans l’aliment fini. Si l’on emploie aussi son sel sodique, la quantité totale ne doit pas dépasser 40 p.p.m., calculée en benzoate de p-hydroxyméthyle.
(6) Produits enzymatiques (6) 5 000 p.p.m., calculé en acide p-hydroxybenzoïque. Si l’on emploie n’importe quel mélange de propylparabène, sel sodique de l’acide p-hydroxyméthyl benzoïque ou sel sodique de l’acide p-hydroxypropyl benzoïque, la quantité totale ne doit pas dépasser 5 000 p.p.m., calculé en acide p-hydroxybenzoïque.

Liste des additifs alimentaires autorisés ayant d’autres utilisations acceptées(Canada)

Non listé

DSL – Liste intérieure des substances (Canada)

Non listé

Liste des additifs autorisés (États-Unis)

Methylparaben (methyl-p-hydroxybenzoate) – PRES, GRAS/ FS – 184.1490; < 0.1% by wt – Part 150, Art Sw Jelly (150.141) & Preserves (150.161); REG, ZERO – Res in milk from dairy cows treated with mastitis formulations -556.390; Use & Info – 526.820

Liste des substances ajoutés aux aliments Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)

TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I–FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B–FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)

PART 184 — DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE

Subpart B–Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS

Sec. 184.1490 Methylparaben.
(a) Methylparaben is the chemical methyl p -hydroxybenzoate. It is produced by the methanol esterification of p -hydroxybenzoic acid in the presence of sulfuric acid, with subsequent distillation. (b) The ingredient meets the specifications of the « Food Chemicals Codex, » 3d Ed. (1981), p. 199, which is incorporated by reference. Copies may be obtained from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave. NW., Washington, DC 20418, or may be examined at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federalregister/codeoffederalregulations/ibrlocations.html. (c) The ingredient is used as an antimicrobial agent as defined in 170.3(o)(2) of this chapter. (d) The ingredient is used in food at levels not to exceed good manufacturing practices. Current good manufacturing practice results in a maximum level of 0.1 percent in food. (e) Prior sanctions for this ingredient different from the uses established in this regulation do not exist or have been waived. [42 FR 14653, Mar. 15, 1977, as amended at 49 FR 5612, Feb. 14, 1984]

TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I–FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B–FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)

PART 172 — FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION

Subpart F–Flavoring Agents and Related Substances

Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants may be safely used in food in accordance with the following conditions. (a) They are used in the minimum quantity required to produce their intended effect, and otherwise in accordance with all the principles of good manufacturing practice. (b) They consist of one or more of the following, used alone or in combination with flavoring substances and adjuvants generally recognized as safe in food, prior-sanctioned for such use, or regulated by an appropriate section in this part.

‘…Methyl p- hydroxybenzoate; methylparaben. ,…

TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I–FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B–FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)

PART 181 — PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS

Subpart B–Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients

Sec. 181.23 Antimycotics.
Substances classified as antimycotics, when migrating from food-packaging material shall include: Calcium propionate. Methylparaben (methyl p -hydroxybenzoate). Propylparaben (propyl p -hydroxybenzoate). Sodium benzoate. Sodium propionate. Sorbic acid. [42 FR 14638, Mar. 15, 1977; 42 FR 56728, Oct. 28, 1977]

OTC Active Ingredients

UNII Code Active Ingredient Monograph Sub-category Panel Final
A2I8C7HI9T methylparaben antifungal   III 310.545(a)(22)(ii)

DrugPortal

METHYLPARABEN

EINECS

Name EC no. CAS no. Description Molecular Formula  
Methyl 4-hydroxybenzoate Public name:   Methylparaben 202-785-7 99-76-3 C8H8O3 Details
Sodium 4-(methoxycarbonyl)phenolate IUPAC name:   Methylparaben sodium salt 225-714-1 5026-62-0 C8H8O3.Na Details

Avantages

Les parabènes permettent de lutter contre le développement de champignons et de nombreuses bactéries.

Source de l’additif

Le méthylparaben est le p-hydroxybenzoate chimique de méthyle. Il est produit par l’estérification du méthanol de l’acide p-hydroxybenzoïque en présence d’acide sulfurique, avec distillation ultérieure (…) (en 184.1490 Methylparaben).

Origine

Synthétique

Les parabènes sont préparés par estérification de cette molécule avec un alcool correspondant en présence d’un catalyseur acide, tel que l’acide sulfurique, et un excès de l’alcool spécifique (ndr.: heptanol, éthanol, n-propanol et méthanol, respectivement pour E209, E214, E216 et E218), l’acide est ensuite neutralisé à la soude caustique.

Ester synthétique d’ethyl de l’acide benzoïque. L’acide benzoïque, les benzoates et les esters d’acide benzoïque sont couramment trouvés dans la plupart des fruits, en particulier les baies. Les canneberges sont une source très riche d’acide benzoïque. En plus des fruits, les benzoates se trouvent naturellement dans les champignons, la cannelle, les clous de girofle et certains produits laitiers (à la suite de la fermentation bactérienne). À des fins commerciales, l’acide benzoïque est préparé chimiquement à partir de toluène, puis estérifié.

Végétale Non Animale Non Minérale Non Synthétique Oui

Convient aux régimes

Végétarien Oui Végétalien Oui Hallal Oui Kosher Oui
Biologique Non Sans gluten Oui Sans noix Oui Sans œufs Oui

Autorisé dans les pays suivants

Country Status Matched Term
United States Approved Methylparaben (methyl-p-hydroxybenzoate)
European Union Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Australia and New Zealand Approved Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate
Philippines Approved Methyl p-Hydroxybenzoate
Austria Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Belgium Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Bulgaria Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Cyprus Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Czech Republic Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Denmark Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Estonia Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Finland Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
France Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Germany Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Greece Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Hungary Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Ireland Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Italy Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Latvia Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Lithuania Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Luxembourg Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Malta Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Netherlands Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Poland Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Portugal Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Romania Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Slovakia Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Slovenia Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Spain Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Sweden Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
United Kingdom Approved Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
Australia Approved Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate
New Zealand Approved Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate

Utilisation restreinte

Information non disponible.

Additif interdit

Information non disponible

Spécification technique

Formule :            C8H8O3

CAS :     99-76-3 (no. EINECS 243-171-5)

Additifs similaires

Conservateurs Conservateurs Conservateurs Conservateurs
E202 E220 E250 E211
Sorbate de potassium Dioxyde de soufre Nitrite de sodium Benzoate de sodium

Ou peut-on retrouvé

Aliments, boissons, cosmétiques et pharmaceutiques.

Exemple de produits alimentaires transformés contenant l’additif

Traitement de surface de certaines charcuteries, gelée de certains pâtés, biscuits apéritifs, confiseries sauf chocolat, farine

Exemple d’aliment contenant cet additif
Babaria body milk
Cafe Valley, Mini Muffins, Blueberry – Cafe Valley  Inc.
Cafe Valley, Muffins, Orange Cranberry – Cafe Valley Bakery
Calisson – Le Roy René
Champagne toast – bath & body works – 236ml
Champú – Veckia
Champu anticaspa
Cheese Coffee Cake – Pleasanthill Ovens
Cien classic cream
Cluny optimal skin care
collage
Corn Tortillas – La Banderita
Corn Tortillas – Target Stores
Corn Tortillas – Verole’
crema de ordene
crema humectante miel y avena marca nuvel
Crema para peinar Funk
crema reafirmante goicochea
Dove Nutrición Intensiva – 75 ml
DoveBody Lotion
Dream fresh BB
Elgydium dentifrice – Pierre Fabre – 1
Feutres alimentaires (rouge, orange, jaune, vert, bleu, noir) – Scrap cooking – 6 pièces
Fresh Mini Black And White Snack
Garner body
Gel ducha floral velvet experience – Natural honey – 650ml
glysomed – 200 ml
Health aid aloe vera gel
Honolulu by w7
Hydro Pflege Body Lotion Normale Haut – Dove – 400 ml
Ice Cream Cake, Vanilla & Chocolate Swirl – Turkey Hill
Ipocrate unguent cu extract de galbenele –
keops – ROC – 30ml
KIEHL’S RAZOR BUMP RELIEF
LEITE de aveia sabonete vegetal – davene
lemon zesty scrub – clean & clear – 119g
Mackinaw Fudge Cake – Arnie’s
Max Block Sunscreen
mekako lait corps mon teint naturel – 400ml
miss r�se
Natural honey gel hidratante – Revlon
Natural Masa Dough, Dry Masa For Tamales – La Guadalupana
Nivea Men Active Age – 50 ml
Nivea men
Nuvel Crema Humectante –
Paleta de maquillaje
Pecan Spinwheels – Little Debbie – 8,46 OZ (240g)
Plaquette Anniversaire – Vahiné – 1 pièce
positon
Premium Ice Cream Cake, Chocolate & Vanilla – Uncle Harry’s
Protect gel
P’tits décors – Vahiné
Red Velvet Cake – Arnie’s
Saucisson sec au poivre – Galibier – 200 g
Saucisson sec Herbes de Provence – Galibier – 200 g
Sedal
Sirop en cas de Toux – Bonherba
Spinwheels, Pastries, Pecan – Little Debbie
Sugar Twin, Calorie Free Sweetener – Up Country Naturals Of Vermont  Inc.
Sweet’N Low, Zero Calorie Liquid Sweetener – Cumberland Packing Corp.
Taco Style White Corn Tortillas – Chi-Chi’s
Turkey Enchilada Casserole – Perfect Fit Meals
Ultimate Black & White Cookies – Entenmann’s
Urban Muse Eyeshadow
Zucrinet Edulcorant liquide
6.67536E+11

Autres applications non alimentaires

Cosmétiques et soins de la peau

On le trouve fréquemment dans les cosmétiques à base d’eau, comme les crèmes, lotions, shampooings et produits de bains, car il est hydrosoluble.

Products with this Ingredient

moisturizer with SPF 60 products moisturizer 48 products beach & sport sunscreen 47 products lipstick 47 products foundation 43 products bronzer/highlighter 37 products mask 34 products mascara 32 products brow liner 29 products eye liner 22 products serums & essences 20 products hair color and bleaching 19 products facial moisturizer/treatment 19 products facial cleanser 19 products facial powder 17 products concealer 15 products lip balm 11 products blush 10 products hand cream 9 products hair styling aide 8 products eye shadow 8 products around-eye cream 6 products styling gel/lotion 6 products toners/astringents 6 products exfoliant/scrub 5 products lip liner 5 products baby sunscreen 5 products makeup primer 4 products body wash/cleanser 4 products mouthwash 4 products hair treatment/serum 4 products other eye makeup 3 products BB cream 3 products shampoo 3 products lip balm with SPF 3 products lip gloss 3 products conditioner 3 products foot moisturizer 3 products makeup remover 3 products CC cream 2 products shaving cream 2 products anti-aging 2 products shaving cream (men’s) 2 products sunless tanning 2 products body firming lotion 1 products cuticle treatment 1 products after shave 1 products hair relaxer 1 products eye makeup remover 1 products

Pharmaceutique

Type de médicament ou l’on peut le retrouver

La FDA a approuvé en dec 2019 ; 6181 Medicaments

Exemple de quelques médicaments contenant l’additif;

Autres informations

La fondation David Suzuki rapporte que 75 à 90 pour cent des cosmétiques peuvent contenir des parabènes. Les parabènes sont couramment utilisés comme agent de conservation, et ils pénètrent facilement la peau. La Commission européenne sur la perturbation endocrinienne énumère les parabènes comme substance de catégorie 1, qui s’est avérée être un perturbateur endocrinien. Des parabènes ont également été détectés dans les tumeurs du cancer du sein, ce qui suggère un lien entre eux et le cancer. Parabens vont par les noms suivants: Methylparaben, butylparaben, propylparaben, isobutylparaben, éthylparaben, polyparaben et isobutylparaben.

Article détaillé; FDA les parabens ; Parabens in Cosmetics

Bibliographie