3.084 Additif alimentaire E240, Formaldéhyde

Le formaldéhyde (E)240 était listé comme conservateur au Codex alimentarius avant 2017. Il est aujourd’hui délisté.

Cependant il reste utilisé dans la fabrication de l’acide alginique et ses alginates (E400..405), des carraghénanes (E407, E407a) et l’héxamine (E239). Il peut être utilisé directement comme additif dans l’alimentation animale (hors bio).

Poison puissant dont l’utilisation dans la production alimentaire est interdite dans presque tous les pays du monde.

Largement utilisé aux États-Unis il est le polluant de l’air des maisons le plus rependus. L’une des utilisations les plus courantes du formaldéhyde aux États-Unis est la fabrication de résines urée-formaldéhyde, utilisées dans les panneaux de particules. Ce composé organique volatil (COV) est également très souvent présent dans les vêtements synthétiques, car il confère aux tissus leurs propriétés : infroissable, résistant et hydrofuge. Ceci en fait donc un des polluants les plus courants de nos intérieurs.

C’est un gaz hautement réactif que l’on trouve dans la combustion incomplète de substances carbonées ou d’hydrocarbures, il y en a dans la fumée des feux de forêt, dans les rejets d’automobiles et dans la fumée du tabac. Il est produit industriellement par oxydation de méthanol. Le formaldéhyde gazeux n’est pas disponible commercialement. Dans la très grande majorité des cas, il est produit et vendu sous forme de solutions aqueuses contenant de 25 à 56% de formaldéhyde et de 0,5 à 15% de méthanol.

Autres noms

FrancaisAnglais
FormaldéhydeParaformaldehyde
Aldéhyde formiqueFormalin
FormolMethaldehyde
MéthanalMethyl aldehyde
Formic aldehydeParaform
Paraform 
Methanal 
Formalin 
Oxymethylene 
Methylene oxide 
Oxomethane 
Methyl aldehyde 

Fonction et caractéristiques

Conservateur. Désinfectants; Fixatifs

CARACTÉRISTIQUES

Préparé dans le commerce par oxydation catalytique en phase vapeur du méthanol en utilisant de l’air comme agent oxydant et de l’argent, du cuivre, de l’alumine ou du coke chauffés comme catalyseur. … Préparation de formaldéhyde stable en chauffant des polyoxyméthylènes de faible poids moléculaire avec du pentoxyde de diphosphore.

Utilisations

Le formaldéhyde est utilisé pour l’homme comme traitement du pied d’athlète, dans les pastilles contre la toux, les désinfectants cutanés, les bains de bouche, les crèmes spermaticides, comme désinfectant pour les vasectomies et les canaux radiculaires, et autrefois pour stériliser certains kystes avant l’ablation chirurgicale.

Utilisations détaillées

categorydescription
AbsorbentAgent for soaking up liquid (product use or application unknown)
AdhesiveGeneral adhesives and binding agents for a variety of uses
Adhesive, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Adhesive, consumer_use, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Adhesive, hardenerAdditive for products to promote hardening, used in paints and varnishes, plastics, etc.
Adhesive, water_based, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
AdsorbentAdhesion of molecules to a surface
AgriculturalRelating to agricultural, including the raising and farming of animals and growing of crops
Agricultural, animalRelated to animals (but non-veterinary) e.g., animal husbandry, farming of animals/animal production, raising of animals for food or fur, animal feed, products for household pets
Agricultural, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Agricultural, cropProducts used on crops, or related to the growing of crops
AntiadhesiveUsed to prevent adhesion
AntifoulingGeneral antifouling agents (application unknown), sometimes applied to paint and then indicated as such
AntifreezingAntifreezing agents, or de-icing products
AntimicrobialType of pesticide used to destroy or inhibit the growth of disease-causing mechanisms, can be impregnated into clothing
AntisetoffSpray powder used to make air gap between printed sheets of paper
AntistaticFor prevention and removal of static
AntiwrinkleAntiwrinkle agents
ApparelGeneral term which includes clothes, shoes, backpacks/purses/luggage, jewelry, pet apparel, etc.
Apparel, baby_use, diaperFor use on babies
Apparel_careProducts used to care for apparel (e.g., she polish, products to repair footwear or leather, wterproofing sprays, etc.)
AquacultureAquafarming, or the farming of aquatic organisms
AutomotiveGenerally related to automobiles or their manufacture, used when automotive_care or automotive_component are not applicable (e.g. auto fuel, GPS units), or detailed information is not known
Automotive_careRelatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
Automotive_care, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Automotive_componentComponents of automobiles (e.g. gaskets, cavity seals, bearings, gears), accessories such as batteries or safety accessories, etc
Automotive_component, tires, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Baby_use, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Beverage, food_serviceRelated to food and beverage service activities
BindingBinding agents, used in paint, sand, etc
Binding, paintVarious types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
BleachingGeneral bleaching agents, bleaching agents for textiles (unclear if bleaching agents are for consumer or industrial use)
Building_constructionRelated to the building or construction process for buildings or boats (includes activities such as plumbing and electrical work, bricklaying, etc)
Building_construction, boatsRelated to the building or repair of ships, pleasure boats, or sporting boats
Building_construction, brickBricks or related to bricklaying/masonry
Building_construction, heatingRelated to heating, such as heating systems, heating fuels, fireplaces, furnaces, radiators, boilers, etc
Building_construction, insulationInsulating materials to protect from noise, cold, etc (such as used in homes or buildings), insulating materials related to electricity
Building_construction, plumbingPlumbing, plumbing tools (home or industrial use)
Building_construction, roofingRoofing materials or roofing activities
Building_materialMaterials used in the building process, such as flooring, insulation, caulk, tile, wood, glass, etc.
Building_material, fillerFillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Building_material, filler, hardenerAdditive for products to promote hardening, used in paints and varnishes, plastics, etc.
Building_material, flooringFlooring materials (carpets, wood, vinyl flooring), or related to flooring such as wax or polish for floors
Building_material, glass, colorant, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Building_material, insulationInsulating materials to protect from noise, cold, etc (such as used in homes or buildings), insulating materials related to electricity
Building_material, pavingRelated to cement, concrete, or asphalt materials
Building_material, plasticsPlastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Building_material, viscous_liquidCaulk, mortar, or putty compounds
Building_material, wallsWall construction materials, or wall coverings
Building_material, woodWood used as a building material, wood preservatives
Casting_agentCasting agents or molding compounds for plastics, sand, or metals
CeramicRelated to ceramic products
Chemical, laboratoryModifier used for chemical, when chemical is used in a laboratory
Child_useRelated to products specifically designed for children (e.g. toys, children’s cosmetics, etc)
CigarettesChemicals in cigarettes, or tobacco related products, or related to the manufacturing of tobacco products
Cleaning_washingRelated to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc
Cleaning_washing, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Cleaning_washing, detergentDetergents with wide variety of applications
Cleaning_washing, disinfectantGeneral disinfectants/sanitizing agnets, disinfectants related to drugs (modified by « drug »), and disinfectants used in drinking water, or animal feed (modified by « drinking_water » and « feed »)
Cleaning_washing, drycleaningProducts or chemicals found or used in drycleaning establishments
Cleaning_washing, enclosedProducts used in an enclosed setting, such as boiler and tank cleansing agents, and drain cleaners
Cleaning_washing, flooringFlooring materials (carpets, wood, vinyl flooring), or related to flooring such as wax or polish for floors
Cleaning_washing, furRelated to the raising of fur animals, or fur products (such as fur apparel)
Cleaning_washing, glassGlass or glass products (e.g. glass cleaning products), or the manufacture of glass
Cleaning_washing, kitchen, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Cleaning_washing, laundry, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Cleaning_washing, machines, dishwashingRelated to dishwashing products (soaps, rinsing agents, softeners, etc)
Cleaning_washing, machines, laundryLaundry products (such as cleaning/washing agents), or laundry facilities
Cleaning_washing, textileTextiles used for clothing or furniture upholstery, processes related to textiles (e.g. softeners, antiwrinkle agents), or the processing/manufacturing of textiles
Cleaning_washing, textile, detergentDetergents with wide variety of applications
Cleaning_washing, toiletsToilets, cleaning/sanitizing products for toilets
Cleaning_washing, tools, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Cleaning_washing, windowUsed on windows (e.g. cleaning agents for windows)
ColorantTerm used for colorants, dyes, or pigments
ConstructionGeneral construction (as opposed to those things labeled building_construction)
Consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Consumer_use, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Decor, candle, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
DetergentDetergents with wide variety of applications
DisinfectantGeneral disinfectants/sanitizing agnets, disinfectants related to drugs (modified by « drug »), and disinfectants used in drinking water, or animal feed (modified by « drinking_water » and « feed »)
Drinking_water, food_contact, plasticsPlastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Drinking_water_contaminant, pesticide, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
DrugDrug product, or related to the manufacturing of drugs
Drug, disinfectantGeneral disinfectants/sanitizing agnets, disinfectants related to drugs (modified by « drug »), and disinfectants used in drinking water, or animal feed (modified by « drinking_water » and « feed »)
Drug, fixativeFixatives or fixing agents
Drug, inactive_ingredientPharmaceutical related
Drug, veterinaryVeterinary activities or veterinary drugs (modified by « drug »)
Electrical, insulationInsulating materials to protect from noise, cold, etc (such as used in homes or buildings), insulating materials related to electricity
ElectronicsConsumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. and related electronic componenets (motherboards, software, chargers)
Electronics, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
EmbalmingEmbalming (preserving human remains) fluids
Extermination, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Facility, apparel_careProducts used to care for apparel (e.g., she polish, products to repair footwear or leather, wterproofing sprays, etc.)
Facility, drycleaning, laundryLaundry products (such as cleaning/washing agents), or laundry facilities
Facility, electronics, computerRelated to computers or the manufacturing of computers
Facility, food_productionRelated to food production (restaurants, catering, etc)
Facility, food_serviceRelated to food and beverage service activities
Facility, fuel, automotiveGenerally related to automobiles or their manufacture, used when automotive_care or automotive_component are not applicable (e.g. auto fuel, GPS units), or detailed information is not known
Facility, laundryLaundry products (such as cleaning/washing agents), or laundry facilities
Facility, manufacturing, food, dairyRelated to dairy cattle, the operation of dairy facilities, or manufacture of dairy products
Facility, photographicRelated to photography, film, photographic equipment, photographic laboraties, photochemicals, and developing of photographs
Feed, animalRelated to animals (but non-veterinary) e.g., animal husbandry, farming of animals/animal production, raising of animals for food or fur, animal feed, products for household pets
FillerFillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
FishingRelated to the activity of fishing
FixativeFixatives or fixing agents
Flame_retardantFire prevention materials, or additives/coatings to prevent flammability in paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Fluid_property_modulatorIncludes antifoaming agents, coagulating agents, dispersion agents, emulsifiers, flotation agents, foaming agents, viscosity adjustors, etc
Fluid_property_modulator, foaming_agentFoaming agents
Fluid_property_modulator, foaming_agent, liquidModifier used when source specifically indicates a liquid
Food_additiveIncludes spices, extracts, colorings, flavors, etc added to food for human consumption
Food_additive, flavorGeneral flavoring agents used in foods, including condiments and seasonings
Food_additive, preservativesIncludes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
Food_contactIncludes food packaging, paper plates, cutlery, small appliances such as roasters, etc.
Food_contact, plasticsPlastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Food_residueResidues found in food, typically from drugs or pesticides
Food_serviceRelated to food and beverage service activities
ForestryRelated to forestry
FragranceFragrances or odor agents, can be used in home products (cleaners, laundry products, air fresheners) or similar industrial products
FuelGeneral fuels, fuel additives, motor/automotive fuels
Furniture, woodWood used as a building material, wood preservatives
GlassGlass or glass products (e.g. glass cleaning products), or the manufacture of glass
HardenerAdditive for products to promote hardening, used in paints and varnishes, plastics, etc.
Heat_transferringHeat transferring agents, unknown usage or application
Human_metaboliteHuman metabolites
HuntingRelated to the activity of hunting
ImpregnationImpregnation materials and impregnation agents for various prodcts (wood, oils, grease, paper)
Impregnation, leatherLeather products, and products/chemicals used in the process of tanning and dressing leather
Impregnation, paperRelated to the manufcturing of pulp or paper products, or paper products in general
Impregnation, textileTextiles used for clothing or furniture upholstery, processes related to textiles (e.g. softeners, antiwrinkle agents), or the processing/manufacturing of textiles
Impregnation, woodWood used as a building material, wood preservatives
IndustrialTerm applied when source specifically indicates product is for industrial use, or use in the industrial sector
Industrial, adhesiveGeneral adhesives and binding agents for a variety of uses
Industrial, adhesive, powderModifier used when source indicates product is powder based
Industrial, adhesive, water_basedModifier included when source indicates the product is water based
Industrial, cleaning_washingRelated to all forms of cleaning/washing, including cleaning products used in the home, laundry detergents, soaps, de-greasers, spot removers, etc
Industrial, cleaning_washing, laundryLaundry products (such as cleaning/washing agents), or laundry facilities
Industrial, steamRelated to steam and hot water supply
Industrial_fluidIndustrial fluids such as hydraulic fluids, lubricating agents, functional fluids, etc
Industrial_manufacturingNULL
InhibitorGeneral inhibitors, application unknown
Lawn_gardenProducts used outside the home (includes outdoor toys such as sandboxes, canopies and shelters, garden statues, outdoor lighting and seating, outdoor power equipment, etc
LubricantGeneric lubricants, lubricants for engines, brake fluids, oils, etc (does not include personal care lubricants)
ManufacturingIf applied entry is related to the manufacturing process for the product, widely applied, modifiers often included (if not included, no additional information is known)
Manufacturing, TVTelevisions and their manufacture
Manufacturing, adhesiveGeneral adhesives and binding agents for a variety of uses
Manufacturing, agrochemicalAgricultural chemicals used on a variety of crops
Manufacturing, apparelGeneral term which includes clothes, shoes, backpacks/purses/luggage, jewelry, pet apparel, etc.
Manufacturing, apparel, clothingGeneral apparel intended to be worn by the consumer
Manufacturing, appliance, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Manufacturing, appliance, heatingRelated to heating, such as heating systems, heating fuels, fireplaces, furnaces, radiators, boilers, etc
Manufacturing, automotiveGenerally related to automobiles or their manufacture, used when automotive_care or automotive_component are not applicable (e.g. auto fuel, GPS units), or detailed information is not known
Manufacturing, automotive_componentComponents of automobiles (e.g. gaskets, cavity seals, bearings, gears), accessories such as batteries or safety accessories, etc
Manufacturing, beverageBeverages for human consumption (e.g., juice, water, alcohol), or related to beverages for human consumption (e.g. machinery for production of beverages, or facilities serving beverages)
Manufacturing, beverage, alcohol, beerAlcoholic beverage for human consumption
Manufacturing, building_materialMaterials used in the building process, such as flooring, insulation, caulk, tile, wood, glass, etc.
Manufacturing, building_material, pavingRelated to cement, concrete, or asphalt materials
Manufacturing, building_material, woodWood used as a building material, wood preservatives
Manufacturing, casting_agent, metals, ironCan be used with drug
Manufacturing, casting_agent, metals, steelCasting of steel, steel production
Manufacturing, chemicalGeneral term used only when the only information known from the source is « chemical, » typically related to manufacturing of chemicals, or laboratory chemicals
Manufacturing, cigarettesChemicals in cigarettes, or tobacco related products, or related to the manufacturing of tobacco products
Manufacturing, cleaning_washing, polishCar wax/polish, floor wax, general polishing agents, polish for metals, plastics, rubber, lacquers, leather, furniture, etc
Manufacturing, colorantTerm used for colorants, dyes, or pigments
Manufacturing, containerTrash cans, steel drums, tanks, and reservoirs
Manufacturing, container, metalsRelated to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Manufacturing, detergentDetergents with wide variety of applications
Manufacturing, drugDrug product, or related to the manufacturing of drugs
Manufacturing, drug, solventPaint removers, graffiti removers, or general solvents
Manufacturing, electricalRelated to electrical work (such as wiring of a building), electric current insulation materials, or other electrical components
Manufacturing, electronicsConsumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. and related electronic componenets (motherboards, software, chargers)
Manufacturing, electronics, computerRelated to computers or the manufacturing of computers
Manufacturing, equipmentGeneral equipment that does not fall into another category (communication equipment, lifting and handling equipment)
Manufacturing, exportRelated to manufacturing for export (additional information unknown)
Manufacturing, feed, animalRelated to animals (but non-veterinary) e.g., animal husbandry, farming of animals/animal production, raising of animals for food or fur, animal feed, products for household pets
Manufacturing, fertilizerFertilizer for consumer or industrial use, and manufacturing of fertilizers
Manufacturing, foodFood for human consumption, does not include food additives (see food_additive)
Manufacturing, food, cheeseFood for human consumption
Manufacturing, food, cooking_oilsShortening, cooking oils, vegetable and animal oils and fats
Manufacturing, food, dairyRelated to dairy cattle, the operation of dairy facilities, or manufacture of dairy products
Manufacturing, food, fatsMargarine, animal fats, grease fat, etc.
Manufacturing, food, fishRelated to the processing and preserving of fish and fish products, production of fishmeal, smoking and salting of fish, etc.
Manufacturing, food, fruitRelated to fruit crops, or the processing or preserving of fruit
Manufacturing, food, grainGrowing of cereals, or manufacture of grain products, including malt
Manufacturing, food, meatRelated to the farming of meats (including cattle, poultry, swine), and the manufacturing of meat for human consumption
Manufacturing, food, vegetableProcessing and preserving of vegetables for human consumption
Manufacturing, furRelated to the raising of fur animals, or fur products (such as fur apparel)
Manufacturing, furnitureFurniture, or the manufacturing of furniture (can include chairs and tables, and more general furniture such as mattresses, patio furniture, etc.)
Manufacturing, furniture, chairsRelated to chairs and seats
Manufacturing, furniture, chairs, textileTextiles used for clothing or furniture upholstery, processes related to textiles (e.g. softeners, antiwrinkle agents), or the processing/manufacturing of textiles
Manufacturing, furniture, kitchenProducts used in the kitchen (includes kitchen furniture, kitchen cleaners, excludes appliances, food, or food contact items)
Manufacturing, furniture, officeIncludes office supplies, school supplies, filing and storage equipment, office furniture, office machinery and equipment (when indicated by source, e.g. computers are not automatically also applied to office term)
Manufacturing, leatherLeather products, and products/chemicals used in the process of tanning and dressing leather
Manufacturing, leather, apparel, bagsSub-category of apparel, including backpacks, purses, and luggage
Manufacturing, leather, apparel, footwearShoes, shoe care products, etc.
Manufacturing, leather, impregnationImpregnation materials and impregnation agents for various prodcts (wood, oils, grease, paper)
Manufacturing, machinesManufacturing of or related to machinery, for production of cement or food, air/spacescraft machinery, electrical machinery, etc
Manufacturing, machines, agriculturalRelating to agricultural, including the raising and farming of animals and growing of crops
Manufacturing, machines, electricalRelated to electrical work (such as wiring of a building), electric current insulation materials, or other electrical components
Manufacturing, machines, forestryRelated to forestry
Manufacturing, machines, medicalGeneral medical instruments or medical facilities, spectacle lenses and optical instruments
Manufacturing, metalsRelated to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Manufacturing, metals, ironCan be used with drug
Manufacturing, metals, steelCasting of steel, steel production
Manufacturing, mineralsNon-metallic mineral products and their manufacture
Manufacturing, oilCrude oil, crude petroleum, refined oil products, fuel oils, drilling oils
Manufacturing, paintVarious types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
Manufacturing, paperRelated to the manufcturing of pulp or paper products, or paper products in general
Manufacturing, paper, chemicalGeneral term used only when the only information known from the source is « chemical, » typically related to manufacturing of chemicals, or laboratory chemicals
Manufacturing, personal_carePersonal care products, including cosmetics, shampoos, perfumes, soaps, lotions, toothpastes, etc
Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, perfumeFragrance used as a personal care product
Manufacturing, personal_care, cosmetics, shampoo, hairGeneral products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye)
Manufacturing, personal_care, toothpasteToothpaste, used for cleaning teeth
Manufacturing, pesticideSubstances used for preventing, destroying or mitigating pests
Manufacturing, plasticsPlastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Manufacturing, radioRadios (communication device)
Manufacturing, raw_materialRaw materials used in a variety of products and industries (e.g. in cosmetics, chemical manufacturing, production of metals, etc)
Manufacturing, rubberRubber products (e.g. tires) and their manufacture
Manufacturing, soapSoaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
Manufacturing, textileTextiles used for clothing or furniture upholstery, processes related to textiles (e.g. softeners, antiwrinkle agents), or the processing/manufacturing of textiles
Manufacturing, textile, colorantTerm used for colorants, dyes, or pigments
Metals, cooling_agentCooling agents, specific application unknown
PaintVarious types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
Paint, antifoulingGeneral antifouling agents (application unknown), sometimes applied to paint and then indicated as such
Paint, automotive_careRelatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
Paint, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Paint, fillerFillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Paint, flooringFlooring materials (carpets, wood, vinyl flooring), or related to flooring such as wax or polish for floors
Paint, furnitureFurniture, or the manufacturing of furniture (can include chairs and tables, and more general furniture such as mattresses, patio furniture, etc.)
Paint, hardenerAdditive for products to promote hardening, used in paints and varnishes, plastics, etc.
Paint, pesticide, impregnationImpregnation materials and impregnation agents for various prodcts (wood, oils, grease, paper)
Paint, volatile_organicVolatile and semivolative organic compounds
Paint, water_basedModifier included when source indicates the product is water based
PaperRelated to the manufcturing of pulp or paper products, or paper products in general
Personal care: eye makeupMiscellaneous cosmetic eye products including lash adhesives and tints
Personal_carePersonal care products, including cosmetics, shampoos, perfumes, soaps, lotions, toothpastes, etc
Personal_care, cosmeticsSubcategory of personal_care, includes fragrances, shampoos, make-up, etc.
Personal_care, cosmetics, eyeGeneral term for personal care products related to the eye (e.g. eye care products)
Personal_care, cosmetics, facePersonal care products used on the face (includes facial treatments, oil and blemish control, make-up removers, facial cleansers)
Personal_care, cosmetics, fragranceFragrances or odor agents, can be used in home products (cleaners, laundry products, air fresheners) or similar industrial products
Personal_care, cosmetics, hairGeneral products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye)
Personal_care, cosmetics, hair_dye, colorantTerm used for colorants, dyes, or pigments
Personal_care, cosmetics, hand, creamPersonal care products, including scouring cream, hand creams, shaving cream, and tanning cream
Personal_care, cosmetics, lotionSubcategory of personal care and cosmetics, lotions and moisturizers for consumer use
Personal_care, cosmetics, nails, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Personal_care, cosmetics, perfumeFragrance used as a personal care product
Personal_care, cosmetics, preservativesIncludes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
Personal_care, cosmetics, restricted_ASEANChemicals on lists subject to restrictions of use (i.e. some use allowed, but use is limited) in the ASEAN countries (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)
Personal_care, cosmetics, restricted_EuropeChemicals on lists subject to restrictions of use (i.e. some use allowed, but use is limited) in Europe
Personal_care, cosmetics, restricted_UKChemicals on lists subject to restrictions of use (i.e. some use allowed, but use is limited) in the United Kingdom
Personal_care, cosmetics, shampoo, hairGeneral products related to the hair (hair tools, hair salons, shampoo, conditioner, hair dye)
Personal_care, cosmetics, skinPersonal care products indicated for use on the skin (note applied when source indicates « skin »)
Personal_care, footRelated to foot care (e.g. personal care products for feet)
Personal_care, shower, gelPersonal care products indicated in gel form
Personal_care, soapSoaps, includes personal care products for cleansing the hands or body, and soaps/detergents for cleaning products, homes, etc
Personal_care, toolsIncludes tools used for personal care (e.g. razors, hair dryer, curling iron), tools used for cleaning (mops, brooms), kitchen utensils, power tools (saws, lawn mower), screwdrivers, etc
Personal_care, wash, bodyPersonal care products for general use on the body (body makeup, body powder, body treatments, body cleansers)
Personal_care, wash, handPersonal care products used on the hands, such as soaps, lotions, sanitizers (does not include handwear, i.e. gloves)
PesticideSubstances used for preventing, destroying or mitigating pests
Pesticide, active_ingredientActive ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with « pesticide »)
Pesticide, antimicrobialType of pesticide used to destroy or inhibit the growth of disease-causing mechanisms, can be impregnated into clothing
Pesticide, antimicrobial, active_ingredientActive ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with « pesticide »)
Pesticide, bactericideType of pesticide that kills bacteria
Pesticide, biocide, active_ingredientActive ingredients in a product (often active ingredients in pesticide, if so also tagged with « pesticide »)
Pesticide, biocide, non_agriculturalPesticide for non agricultural use
Pesticide, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
Pesticide, food_additiveIncludes spices, extracts, colorings, flavors, etc added to food for human consumption
Pesticide, fungicideChemical used to kill or inhibit fungi growth
Pesticide, herbicideWeedkiller, type of pesticide (also included as a drug??)
Pesticide, inert_ingredientInert ingredients in a pesticide
Pesticide, preservativesIncludes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
Pesticides: insect repellent 
Pesticides: insect repellent 
PetrochemicalRelated to petroleum products or petrochemical manufacturing, or petroleum refineries
PhotographicRelated to photography, film, photographic equipment, photographic laboraties, photochemicals, and developing of photographs
PlasticsPlastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Plastics, fillerFillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Plastics, hardenerAdditive for products to promote hardening, used in paints and varnishes, plastics, etc.
Plastics, softenerSofteners for plastic, rubber, paint, or adhesives, or generic « softeners »
PolishCar wax/polish, floor wax, general polishing agents, polish for metals, plastics, rubber, lacquers, leather, furniture, etc
Polish, apparel_care, footwearShoes, shoe care products, etc.
Polish, automotive_careRelatived to the maintenance and repair of automobiles, products for cleaning and caring for automobiles (auto shampoo, polish/wax, undercarriage treatment, brake grease)
Polish, flooringFlooring materials (carpets, wood, vinyl flooring), or related to flooring such as wax or polish for floors
Polish, furnitureFurniture, or the manufacturing of furniture (can include chairs and tables, and more general furniture such as mattresses, patio furniture, etc.)
Polish, leatherLeather products, and products/chemicals used in the process of tanning and dressing leather
Polish, metalsRelated to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Power_generationRelated to the production and distribution of electricity
PreservativesIncludes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
PrintingRelated to the process of printing (newspapers, books media, etc), printing inks, toners, etc
Printing, colorantTerm used for colorants, dyes, or pigments
Printing, handheldHandheld consumer products, such as cameas, mobile phones, newspapers, flashlights
Printing, inkInks used for printing or writing
Printing, ink, colorantTerm used for colorants, dyes, or pigments
Printing, ink, textileTextiles used for clothing or furniture upholstery, processes related to textiles (e.g. softeners, antiwrinkle agents), or the processing/manufacturing of textiles
Printing, ink, water_based, colorantTerm used for colorants, dyes, or pigments
Process_regulatorAccelerators, activators, oxidation agents, reducing agents, etc
Propellant, sprayModifier included when source indicates the product is in spray form
Raw_materialRaw materials used in a variety of products and industries (e.g. in cosmetics, chemical manufacturing, production of metals, etc)
Raw_material, drugDrug product, or related to the manufacturing of drugs
Raw_material, personal_care, cosmeticsSubcategory of personal_care, includes fragrances, shampoos, make-up, etc.
Raw_material, plasticsPlastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
Raw_material, rubberRubber products (e.g. tires) and their manufacture
Resource_extraction, gasRelated to fracking, natural gas, industrial gases
Resource_extraction, oilCrude oil, crude petroleum, refined oil products, fuel oils, drilling oils
RubberRubber products (e.g. tires) and their manufacture
Rubber_processingVulcanizing agents and rubberizing materials
Seal_materialGeneric sealing compounds – unknown wha type of « sealing » is done
Sewage_treatmentRelating to the disposal and/or treatment of sewage
SoftenerSofteners for plastic, rubber, paint, or adhesives, or generic « softeners »
SolventPaint removers, graffiti removers, or general solvents
SprayProducts for repelling insects from skin (spray or aerosol formulation specified)
StabilizerGeneral stabilizers, application unknown
Surface_treatmentSurface treatments for metals, hardening agents, corrosion inhibitors, polishing agents, rust inhibitors, water repellants, etc (surfaces to be applied to often not indicated in source description)
Surface_treatment, metalsRelated to metals – manufacturing of metals, casting of metals, production of metals, surface treatment of metals, etc
Surface_treatment, paperRelated to the manufcturing of pulp or paper products, or paper products in general
SurfactantCompound which lowers surface tension
TaxidermyTaxidermy fluids
TextileTextiles used for clothing or furniture upholstery, processes related to textiles (e.g. softeners, antiwrinkle agents), or the processing/manufacturing of textiles
Textile, consumer_use, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
Textile, fillerFillers for paints, textiles, plastics, etc
Textile, furniture, chairsRelated to chairs and seats
Tools, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is « consumer » or « consumer product »
ToxicToxic substances
Toys, child_use, detectedChemicals detected in substances or products (note that these chemicals may be absent from an « ingredient list » for the product and thus unexpected, but have been detected in product testing studies)
TransportationTransportation products
VeterinaryVeterinary activities or veterinary drugs (modified by « drug »)
Water_treatmentIncludes water softeners, lime removers, and the products used in the process of the collection, purification, and distribution of water
Wood, impregnationImpregnation materials and impregnation agents for various prodcts (wood, oils, grease, paper)
Wood, preservativesIncludes preservatives used in cosmetics, film, wood preserving agents, foods, etc (note food preservatives are also indicated as food_additive)
WritingMaterials and agents for writing, including correction materials, writing inks
Writing, inkInks used for printing or writing

Toxicité

Le formaldéhyde est très toxique chez tous les animaux, l’ingestion de 30 ml d’une solution à 37% de concentration peut être létale pour un homme.

Classé cancérigène de ‘Groupe 1’ au Centre International de Recherches sur le Cancer (CIRC) et ‘Connu pour être cancérigène chez l’homme‘ au National Toxicology Program américain (NTP).

Les risques

Très nombreux effets mutagènes, génotoxiques et reprotoxiques démontrés.

Officiellement, l’EFSA européenne ne reporte pas de préoccupation toxicologique, le justifiant par des dosages estimés faibles.

GHS Hazard StatementsH301: Toxic if swallowed [Danger Acute toxicity, oral] H311: Toxic in contact with skin [Danger Acute toxicity, dermal] H314: Causes severe skin burns and eye damage [Danger Skin corrosion/irritation] H317: May cause an allergic skin reaction [Warning Sensitization, Skin] H331: Toxic if inhaled [Danger Acute toxicity, inhalation] H341: Suspected of causing genetic defects [Warning Germ cell mutagenicity] H350: May cause cancer [Danger Carcinogenicity]
Precautionary Statement CodesP201, P202, P260, P261, P264, P270, P271, P272, P280, P281, P301+P310, P301+P330+P331, P302+P352, P303+P361+P353, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P308+P313, P310, P311, P312, P321, P322, P330, P333+P313, P361, P363, P403+P233, P405, and P501 (The corresponding statement to each P-code can be found at the GHS Classification page.)

Effets secondaires

EPA: cancérogène probable pour l’homme, basé sur des preuves limitées chez l’homme et des preuves suffisantes chez les animaux. IARC: cancérogène pour l’homme. NTP: On s’attend raisonnablement à ce qu’il soit un cancérogène pour l’homme

RÉSIDUS AUTORISÉS (dits Critères de pureté)

Le formaldéhyde se trouve naturellement dans les aliments jusqu’à des niveaux de 300 à 400 mg / kg, y compris les fruits et légumes (p. Ex. Poire, pomme, oignon vert), viandes, poissons (p. Ex. Canard de Bombay, morue), crustacés et champignons séchés, etc. L’ingestion d’une petite quantité de formaldéhyde NATUREL est peu susceptible de provoquer un effet aigu.

Canada

Dosage maximum dans les produits transformés

Non autorisé

Liste des agents de conservation autorisés (Listes des additifs alimentaires autorisés) (Canada)

Non listé

Liste des additifs alimentaires autorisés ayant d’autres utilisations acceptées(Canada)

Non listé

DSL – Liste intérieure des substances (Canada)

Non listé

Liste des Produits chimiques préoccupants

Au Canada, le formaldéhyde sert principalement à la production de résines et d’engrais ainsi qu’à diverses utilisations mineures. Le formaldéhyde pénètre dans l’environnement canadien à partir de sources naturelles (y compris les incendies de forêt) et de sources humaines directes, comme les véhicules à moteur et d’autres utilisations sur place faisant appel à la combustion de carburants et à des procédés industriels. L’oxydation des composés organiques naturels et anthropiques présents dans l’air peut aussi donner lieu à la formation secondaire de formaldéhyde. Même s’il n’existe pas d’estimations quantitatives à ce sujet, il est probable que les rejets provenant de sources naturelles et secondaires au Canada sont plus considérables que les rejets humains directs. Toutefois, c’est au voisinage des sources anthropiques que les concentrations les plus élevées de formaldéhyde ont été mesurées dans l’environnement, et elles sont des plus préoccupantes pour l’exposition des humains et d’autres organismes vivants.

Pour les États-Unis

Statut des additifs alimentaires FDA

Formalin – FUNG, REG, Utilisation : Dans l’eau de saumon, truite, achigan à grande bouche, poisson-chat et crapet bleu – 529.1030; Voir aussi formaldéhyde

Liste des substances ajoutées aux aliments Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)

SubstanceFORMALDEHYDE
Used for (Technical Effect)FUMIGANT
Document Number (21 CFR)173.340 175.105 175.210 175.300 176.170 176.180 176.200 177.1200 177.2410 178.3120

Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances

PARAFORMALDEHYDE

Consult the regulation(s) cited below to see if your substance is authorized for your intended use.

CAS Reg. No. (or other ID)*:30525-89-4
Other Names:PARAFORMALDEHYDE
POLYOXYMETHYLENE
ACL
Regulations in 21 CFR*:175.105
176.170
177.1210

OTC Active Ingredients

UNII CodeActive IngredientMonograph
1HG84L3525formaldehyde solutionrelief of oral discomfort

DrugPortal

Listé EINECS(European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances)

Formaldehyde

Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA)

Fema numberSubstance S-METHYL THIOACETATE
3878B/5-(METHYLTHIO)METHANE 2-Ketoglutaric acid Methane, bis(methylthio)- 3892 2-0X0-3-PHENYLPROPIONIC ACID 2,4-Dithiopentane 3-Phenylpyruvic acid Bis[methylmercapto]methane Formaldehyde dimethyl dithioacetal 3-Phenyl-2-oxopropanoic acid Formaldehyde dimethyl mercaptal 3893 2-PENTYL BUTYRATE Methylene bis[methyl sulfide] Butanoic acid, 1 -methylbutyl ester Thioformaldehyde dimethyl aceta

Avantages

A température ambiante le formaldéhyde est un gaz, cependant très soluble dans l’eau, l’alcool, l’acétone. Le terme de formol désigne simplement du formaldéhyde dilué dans l’eau.

Le formaldéhyde possède des propriétés biocides, de fixateur, d’intermédiaire de synthèse et de conservateur, propriétés très recherchées dans pratiquement tous les secteurs de fabrication d’une économie moderne.

Source de l’additif

Le formaldéhyde est synthétisé à partir de méthanol.

Origine

Le formaldéhyde est un gaz incolore à forte odeur désagréable. Parfaitement soluble dans l’eau. Une solution aqueuse de formaldéhyde est appelée « formol ».

VégétaleNonAnimaleNonMinéraleNonSynthétiqueOui

Convient aux régimes

VégétarienOuiVégétalienOuiHallalOuiKosherOui
BiologiqueNonSans glutenOuiSans noixOuiSans œufsOui

Autorisé dans les pays suivants

CountryStatusMatched Term
États-UnisApprovedFormaldehyde (paraformaldehyde)

Utilisation restreinte

CountryStatusMatched Term
PhilippinesMatching Terms Not Found

Utilisation interdite

AutricheNot Permitted
BelgiqueNot Permitted
BulgarieNot Permitted
ChypreNot Permitted
République tchèqueNot Permitted
DanemarkNot Permitted
EstonieNot Permitted
FinlandeNot Permitted
FranceNot Permitted
AllemagneNot Permitted
GrèceNot Permitted
HongrieNot Permitted
IrlandeNot Permitted
ItalieNot Permitted
LettonieNot Permitted
LituanieNot Permitted
LuxembourgNot Permitted
MalteNot Permitted
Pays-BasNot Permitted
PologneNot Permitted
PortugalNot Permitted
RoumanieNot Permitted
SlovaquieNot Permitted
SlovénieNot Permitted
EspagneNot Permitted
SuèdeNot Permitted
Royaume-UniNot Permitted
AustralieNot Permitted
Nouvelle-ZélandeNot Permitted

Spécification technique

  • CAS  50-00-0
  • Formule moléculaire;  HCHO ou CH2O
  • EINECS Number: 200-001-8

Additifs similaires

ConservateursConservateursConservateursConservateurs
E202E220E250E211
Sorbate de potassiumDioxyde de soufreNitrite de sodiumBenzoate de sodium

Ou peut-on retrouvé

Selon Wikipédia, le formaldéhyde ou formol (nom généralement réservé aux solutions aqueuses) n’est pas limité à l’alimentation transformée puisqu’on le trouve aussi comme :

  • Conservateur dans les vaccins toxoïdes (anti-grippe, anti-hépatite A, par ex.);
  • Produits cosmétiques ;
  • Dentisterie, produits d’obturation des canaux de dents dévitalisées ;
  • Fixateur et conservateur de cadavres d’animaux ou d’humains ;
  • Désinfectant, notamment en médecine vétérinaire (pédiluves de désinfection) ;
  • Pour assécher ou tuer la peau (traitement médical des verrues par exemple) ;
  • Dans la production de nombreux autres produits chimiques ….

Toujours selon Wikipédia, de petites quantités de méthanal seraient produites par le métabolisme de la plupart des organismes, dont l’organisme humain. Ce serait aussi un des polluants les plus répandus de l’air intérieur des habitations et lieux fermés de travail.

Aliments associés

Cette section fournit les aliments associés qui contiennent le composé en tant qu’ingrédient, saveur ou autres aspects.

1. Angelica1. Angélique
2. Lemon verbena2. Verveine citronnée
3. Lovage3. Livèche
4. Flaxseed4. Graines de lin
5. Mexican oregano5. Origan mexicain
6. Herbal tea6. Tisane
7. Lichee7. Lichee
8. Lupine8. Lupin
9. Apple9. Pomme
10. Mango10. Mangue
11. German camomile11. Camomille allemande
12. Lemon balm12. Mélisse
13. Mentha13. Mentha
14. Cashew nut14. Noix de cajou
15. Orange mint15. Menthe orange
16. Cornmint16. Menthe de maïs
17. Spearmint17. Menthe verte
18. Peppermint18. Menthe poivrée
19. Medlar19. Néflier
20. Bitter gourd20. Gourde amère
21. Mulberry21. Mûrier
22. Black mulberry22. Mûrier noir
23. Nutmeg23. Noix de muscade
24. Sweet basil24. Basilic doux
25. Pineapple25. Ananas
26. Evening primrose26. Onagre
27. Olive27. Olive
28. Sweet marjoram28. Marjolaine douce
29. Pot marjoram29. Marjolaine en pot
30. Common oregano30. Origan commun
31. Rice31. Riz
32. Millet32. Millet
33. Poppy33. Coquelicot
34. Passion fruit34. Fruit de la passion
35. Parsnip35. Panais
36. Dill36. Aneth
37. Avocado37. Avocat
38. Parsley38. Persil
39. Scarlet bean39. Haricot rouge
40. Lima bean40. Haricot de Lima
41. Common bean41. Haricot commun
42. Date42. Date
43. Black chokeberry43. Aronia noir
44. Anise44. Anis
45. Pine nut45. Pignon de pin
46. Pepper (Spice)46. ​​Poivre (épice)
47. Custard apple47. Pomme à la crème
48. Pistachio48. Pistache
49. Common pea49. Pois commun
50. Purslane50. Pourpier
51. Prunus (Cherry, Plum)51. Prunus (cerise, prune)
52. Apricot52. Abricot
53. Sweet cherry53. Cerise douce
54. Sour cherry54. Cerise aigre
55. European plum55. Prune européenne
56. Almond56. Amande
57. Peach57. Pêche
58. Wild celery58. Céleri sauvage
59. Guava59. Goyave
60. Pomegranate60. Grenade
61. Pear61. Poire
62. Radish62. Radis
63. Garden rhubarb63. Rhubarbe des jardins
64. Blackcurrant64. Cassis
65. Redcurrant65. Groseille
66. Gooseberry66. Groseille à maquereau
67. Watercress67. Cresson
68. Rosemary68. Romarin
69. Peanut69. Arachide
70. Rubus (Blackberry, Raspberry)70. Rubus (mûre, framboise)
71. Cloudberry71. Cloudberry
72. Red raspberry72. Framboise rouge
73. Black raspberry73. Framboise noire
74. Sorrel74. Oseille
75. Common sage75. Sauge commune
76. Black elderberry76. Sureau noir
77. Summer savory77. Sariette d’été
78. Winter savory78. Salée d’hiver
79. Rye79. Seigle
80. Burdock80. Bardane
81. Sesame81. Sésame
82. Garden tomato82. Tomate du jardin
83. Cherry tomato83. Tomate cerise
84. Garden tomato (var.)84. Tomate du jardin (var.)
85. Eggplant85. Aubergine
86. Potato86. Pomme de terre
87. Rowanberry87. Rowanberry
88. Sorghum88. Sorgho
89. Spinach89. Épinards
90. Cloves90. Clou de girofle
91. Horseradish91. Raifort
92. Tamarind92. Tamarin
93. Dandelion93. Pissenlit
94. Cocoa bean94. Fève de cacao
95. Common thyme95. Thym commun
96. Linden96. Tilleul
97. Small-leaf linden97. Tilleul à petites feuilles
98. Fenugreek98. Fenugrec
99. Common wheat99. Blé tendre
100. Vaccinium (Blueberry, Cranberry, Huckleberry)100. Vaccinium (myrtille, canneberge, airelle)
101. Lowbush blueberry101. Bleuet nain
102. Tarragon102. Estragon
103. Sparkleberry103. Sparkleberry
104. Highbush blueberry104. Bleuet en corymbe
105. American cranberry105. Canneberge américaine
106. Bilberry106. Myrtille
107. Lingonberry107. Airelle
108. Vanilla108. Vanille
109. Common verbena109. Verveine commune
110. Broad bean110. Haricot large
111. Adzuki bean111. Haricot Adzuki
112. Gram bean112. Haricot Gram
113. Savoy cabbage113. Chou de Savoie
114. Mugwort114. Armoise
115. Mung bean115. Haricot mungo
116. Climbing bean116. Haricot grimpant
117. Cowpea117. Niébé
118. Muscadine grape118. Raisin muscadine
119. Common grape119. Raisin commun
120. Corn120. Maïs
121. Ginger121. Gingembre
122. Arctic blackberry122. Mûre arctique
123. Banana123. Banane
124. Bayberry124. Bayberry
125. Asparagus125. Asperges
126. Elliott’s blueberry126. Myrtille d’Elliott
127. Canada blueberry127. Bleuet du Canada
128. Bog bilberry128. Myrtille des marais
129. Buffalo currant129. Cassis de buffle
130. Celeriac130. Céleri-rave
131. Celery stalks131. Tiges de céleri
132. Chinese chives132. Ciboulette chinoise
133. European cranberry133. Canneberge européenne
134. Deerberry134. Cerise a chevreuil
135. Ginseng135. Ginseng
136. Oat136. Avoine
137. Cascade huckleberry137. Airelle des Cascade
138. Oval-leaf huckleberry138. Airelle à feuilles ovales
139. Evergreen huckleberry139. Airelle à feuilles persistantes
140. Red huckleberry140. Airelle rouge
141. Longan141. Longan
142. Macadamia nut (M. tetraphylla)142. Noix de macadamia (M. tetraphylla)
143. Garden onion (var.)143. Oignon potager (var.)
144. Summer grape144. Raisin d’été
145. Fox grape145. Raisin de renard
146. Nectarine146. Nectarine
147. Star fruit147. Carambole
148. Peach (var.)148. Pêche (var.)
149. Pepper (C. baccatum)149. Poivre (C. baccatum)
150. Pepper (C. chinense)150. Poivre (C. chinense)
151. Pepper (Capsicum)151. Poivre (Capsicum)
152. Rambutan152. Ramboutan
153. Red rice153. Riz rouge
154. Annual wild rice154. Riz sauvage annuel
155. Swiss chard155. Bette à carde
156. Lemon thyme156. Thym citron
157. Tronchuda cabbage157. Chou tronchuda
158. Brazil nut158. Noix du Brésil
159. Japanese walnut159. Noyer japonais
160. Welsh onion160. Oignon gallois
161. Hard wheat161. Blé dur
162. Shallot162. Échalote
163. Rocket salad163. Salade de roquette
164. Carrot164. Carotte
165. Triticale165. Triticale
166. Black cabbage166. Chou noir
167. Half-highbush blueberry167. Bleuet en demi-corymbe
168. Celery leaves168. Feuilles de céleri
169. Common beet169. Betterave commune
170. Chicory leaves170. Feuilles de chicorée
171. Komatsuna171. Komatsuna
172. Pak choy172. Pak choy
173. Napa cabbage173. Chou Napa
174. Chicory roots174. Racines de chicorée
175. Grapefruit/Pummelo hybrid175. Hybride Pamplemousse / Pummelo
176. Grapefruit176. Pamplemousse
177. Jostaberry177. Jostaberry
178. Kai-lan178. Kai-lan
179. Italian oregano179. Origan italien
180. Borage180. Bourrache
181. Oxheart cabbage181. Chou cœur de bœuf
182. Daikon radish182. Radis Daikon
183. Black radish183. Radis noir
184. Radish (var.)184. Radis (var.)
185. Red beetroot185. Betterave rouge
186. Sweet rowanberry186. Sorbier sucré
187. Pineappple sage187. Sauge ananas
188. Skunk currant188. Skunk groseille
189. Other bread189. Autre pain
190. Chinese mustard190. Moutarde chinoise
191. Breakfast cereal191. Céréales pour petit-déjeuner
192. Other soy product192. Autre produit à base de soja
193. Other cereal product193. Autres produits céréaliers
194. Pasta194. Pâtes
195. Biscuit195. Biscuit
196. Sourdough196. Levain
197. Swede197. Suédois
198. Abalone198. Abalone
199. Abiyuch199. Abiyuch
200. Acerola200. Acérola
201. Acorn201. Gland
202. Winter squash202. Courge d’hiver
203. Agar203. Agar
204. Alfalfa204. Luzerne
205. Allspice205. Piment de la Jamaïque
206. Amaranth206. Amarante
207. Rape207. Colza
208. Arrowhead208. Arrowhead
209. Arrowroot209. Amaranthe
210. Asian pear210. Poire asiatique
211. Atlantic herring211. Hareng de l’Atlantique
212. Bamboo shoots212. Pousses de bambou
213. Silver linden213. Tilleul argenté
214. Common cabbage214. Chou commun
215. Beech nut215. Noix de l’hêtre
216. Cauliflower216. Chou-fleur
217. Breadfruit217. Fruit à pain
218. Breadnut tree seed218. Graine d’arbre à pain
219. Rapini219. Rapini
220. Burbot220. Lotte
221. Giant butterbur221. Pétasite géant
222. American butterfish222. Butterfish américain
223. Brussel sprouts223. Choux de Bruxelles
224. Butternut224. Noyer cendré
225. Butternut squash225. Courge musquée
226. Calabash226. Calebasse
227. Cardoon227. Cardon
228. Natal plum228. Prune Natal
229. Carob229. Caroube
230. Cassava230. Manioc
231. Kohlrabi231. Chou-rave
232. Chayote232. Chayote
233. Cherimoya233. Cherimoya
234. Chervil234. Cerfeuil
235. Chia235. Chia
236. Chinese broccoli236. Brocoli chinois
237. Chinese chestnut237. Châtaigne de Chine
238. Chinese water chestnut238. Châtaigne d’eau de Chine
239. Garland chrysanthemum239. Chrysanthème guirlande
240. Broccoli240. Brocoli
241. Coconut241. Noix de coco
242. Corn salad242. Salade de maïs
243. Cottonseed243. Graines de coton
244. Catjang pea244. Pois Catjang
245. Malus (Crab apple)245. Malus (pomme de crabe)
246. Squashberry246. Courge
247. Chinese cabbage247. Chou chinois
248. Devilfish248. Devilfish
249. Dock249. Quai
250. Turnip250. Navet
251. Durian251. Durian
252. Elderberry252. Sureau
253. Oregon yampah253. Oregon yampah
254. European chestnut254. Châtaignier européen
255. Pigeon pea255. Pois d’Angole
256. Fireweed256. Épilobe
257. Ginkgo nuts257. Noix de ginkgo
258. Grape258. Raisin
259. Groundcherry259. Groundcherry
260. Tea260. Thé
261. Hazelnut261. Noisette
262. Hickory nut262. Noix de noyer
263. Horseradish tree263. Raifort
264. Alaska blueberry264. Bleuet d’Alaska
265. Hyacinth bean265. Haricot Hyacinthe
266. Irish moss266. Mousse d’Irlande
267. Jackfruit267. Jacquier
268. Capers268. Câpres
269. Japanese chestnut269. Châtaigne du Japon
270. Java plum270. Prune de Java
271. Jerusalem artichoke271. Topinambour
272. Jujube272. Jujube
273. Jute273. Jute
274. Kale274. Kale
275. Kelp275. Varech
276. Kumquat276. Kumquat
277. Lambsquarters277. Quartiers d’agneaux
278. Kiwi278. Kiwi
279. Pepper279. Poivre
280. Wild leek280. Poireau sauvage
281. Loganberry281. Loganberry
282. Lotus282. Lotus
283. Sacred lotus283. Lotus sacré
284. White lupine284. Lupin blanc
285. Malabar spinach285. Épinards Malabar
286. Papaya286. Papaye
287. Mammee apple287. Pomme Mammee
288. Purple mangosteen288. Mangoustan violet
289. Alpine sweetvetch289. Sweetvetch alpin
290. Moth bean290. Haricot papillon
291. Mountain yam291. Igname de montagne
292. Safflower292. Carthame
293. White mustard293. Moutarde blanche
294. Mustard spinach294. Épinards à la moutarde
295. New Zealand spinach295. Épinards de Nouvelle-Zélande
296. Nopal296. Nopal
297. Ohelo berry297. Baie d’Ohelo
298. Okra298. Okra
299. Caraway299. Carvi
300. Pepper (C. frutescens)300. Poivre (C. frutescens)
301. Common persimmon301. Kaki commun
302. Pecan nut302. Noix de pécan
303. Pili nut303. Noix de Pili
304. Colorado pinyon304. Colorado pinyon
305. Pitanga305. Pitanga
306. Plains prickly pear306. Figue de Barbarie des Plaines
307. French plantain307. Plantain français
308. American pokeweed308. Pokeweed d’Amérique
309. Opium poppy309. Pavot à opium
310. Prairie turnip310. Navet des prairies
311. Prickly pear311. Figue de Barbarie
312. Chestnut312. Châtaigne
313. Quinoa313. Quinoa
314. Malabar plum314. Prune Malabar
315. Rose hip315. Rose musquée
316. Roselle316. Roselle
317. Roman camomile317. Camomille romaine
318. Salmonberry318. Salmonberry
319. Common salsify319. Salsifis commun
320. Sapodilla320. Sapodille
321. Mamey sapote321. Mamey sapote
322. Chickpea322. Pois chiche
323. Sesbania flower323. Fleur de Sesbania
324. Endive324. Endive
325. Hedge mustard325. Moutarde de haie
326. Soursop326. Corossol
327. Spelt327. Épeautre
328. Chicory328. Chicorée
329. Spirulina329. Spiruline
330. Strawberry guava330. Goyave à la fraise
331. Sugar apple331. Pomme à sucre
332. Taro332. Taro
333. Allium333. Allium
334. Chinese cinnamon334. Cannelle chinoise
335. Teff335. Teff
336. Mexican groundcherry336. Cerise mexicaine
337. Towel gourd337. Gourde serviette
338. Wasabi338. Wasabi
339. Ceylon cinnamon339. Cannelle de Ceylan
340. Wax gourd340. Gourde de cire
341. Wild rice341. Riz sauvage
342. Tea leaf willow342. Saule à feuilles de thé
343. Winged bean343. Haricot ailé
344. Yam344. Yam
345. Watermelon345. Pastèque
346. Jicama346. Jicama
347. Yautia347. Yautia
348. Lime348. Citron vert
349. Black-eyed pea349. Pois aux yeux noirs
350. Macadamia nut350. Noix de macadamia
351. Lemon351. Citron
352. Pummelo352. Pummelo
353. Alaska wild rhubarb353. Rhubarbe sauvage d’Alaska
354. Oriental wheat354. Blé oriental
355. Yardlong bean355. Haricot long d’une verge
356. Boysenberry356. Boysenberry
357. Persian lime357. Chaux persane
358. Feijoa358. Feijoa
359. Rowal359. Rowal
360. Mandarin orange (Clementine, Tangerine)360. Mandarine (clémentine, mandarine)
361. Jew’s ear361. L’oreille du juif
362. Common mushroom362. Champignon commun
363. Shiitake363. Shiitake
364. Purple laver364. Purple laver
365. Wakame365. Wakame
366. Enokitake366. Enokitake
367. Epazote367. Epazote
368. Oyster mushroom368. Champignon pleureur
369. Cloud ear fungus369. Champignon de l’oreille des nuages
370. Maitake370. Maitake
371. Sweet orange371. Orange douce
372. Ostrich fern372. Fougère d’autruche
373. Sourdock373. Sourdock
374. Tinda374. Tinda
375. Wheat375. Blé
376. Common chokecherry376. Cerisier rouge
377. Agave377. Agave
378. Narrowleaf cattail378. Quenouilles à feuilles étroites
379. Chanterelle379. Chanterelle
380. Cinnamon380. Cannelle
381. Garden onion381. Oignon du jardin
382. Oil palm382. Palmier à huile
383. Sago palm383. Palmier sagoutier
384. Persimmon384. Persimmon
385. Coriander385. Coriandre
386. Black salsify386. Salsifis noir
387. Red algae387. Algues rouges
388. Kombu388. Kombu
389. Common hazelnut389. Noisette commune
390. Thistle390. Chardon
391. Walnut391. Noyer
392. Conch392. Conque
393. Saffron393. Safran
394. Bean394. Haricot
395. Muskmelon395. Melon
396. Cucumber396. Concombre
397. Cucurbita397. Cucurbita
398. Cumin398. Cumin
399. Turmeric399. Curcuma
400. Quince400. Coing
401. Leek401. Poireau
402. Lemon grass402. Citronnelle
403. Globe artichoke403. Globe artichaut
404. Wild carrot404. Carotte sauvage
405. Japanese persimmon405. Kaki japonais
406. Cardamom406. Cardamome
407. Black crowberry407. Camarine noire
408. Loquat408. Loquat
409. Rocket salad (ssp.)409. Salade de roquette (ssp.)
410. Wax apple410. Pomme de cire
411. Horned melon411. Melon cornu
412. Common buckwheat412. Sarrasin commun
413. Mixed nuts413. Noix mélangées
414. Canola414. Canola
415. Babassu palm415. Palmier Babassu
416. Cupuaçu416. Cupuaçu
417. Garlic417. Ail
418. Tartary buckwheat418. Sarrasin de Tartarie
419. Shea tree419. Arbre à karité
420. Oil-seed Camellia420. Camélia oléagineux
421. Ucuhuba421. Ucuhuba
422. Fig422. Fig
423. Nance423. Nance
424. Naranjilla424. Naranjilla
425. Fennel425. Fenouil
426. Tree fern426. Fougère arborescente
427. Strawberry427. Fraise
428. Black huckleberry428. Airelle noire
429. Greenthread tea429. Thé Greenthread
430. Soy bean430. Soja
431. Sunflower431. Tournesol
432. Yellow pond-lily432. Nénuphar jaune
433. Sea-buckthornberry433. Argousier
434. Pepper (C. pubescens)434. Poivre (C. pubescens)
435. Barley435. Orge
436. Soft-necked garlic436. Ail à cou mou
437. Cabbage437. Chou
438. Chinese bayberry438. bayberry chinois
439. Onion-family vegetables439. Légumes de la famille des oignons
440. Pomes440. Pomes
441. Brassicas441. Brassicas
442. Cereals and cereal products442. Céréales et produits céréaliers
443. Citrus443. Agrumes
444. Hyssop444. Hysope
445. Herbs and Spices445. Herbes et épices
446. Pulses446. Légumineuses
447. Chives447. Ciboulette
448. Star anise448. Anis étoilé
449. Nuts449. Noix
450. Fruits450. Fruits
451. Green vegetables451. Légumes verts
452. Root vegetables452. Légumes racines
453. Sunburst squash (pattypan squash)453. Courge sunburst (courge pattypan)
454. Green zucchini454. Courgettes vertes
455. Yellow zucchini455. Courgettes jaunes
456. Green bell pepper456. Poivron vert
457. Swamp cabbage457. Chou des marais
458. Yellow bell pepper458. Poivron jaune
459. Orange bell pepper459. Poivron orange
460. Red bell pepper460. Poivron rouge
461. Italian sweet red pepper461. Poivron rouge italien
462. Yellow wax bean462. Haricot ciré jaune
463. Green bean463. Haricot vert
464. Saskatoon berry464. Baie de Saskatoon
465. Nanking cherry465. Cerise de Nankin
466. Japanese pumpkin466. Citrouille japonaise
467. White cabbage467. Chou blanc
468. Sweet potato468. Patate douce
469. Romaine lettuce469. Laitue romaine
470. Black walnut470. Noyer noir
471. Black tea471. Thé noir
472. Common walnut472. Noyer commun
473. Green tea473. Thé vert
474. Lettuce474. Laitue
475. Red tea475. Thé rouge
476. Grass pea476. Pois de graminées
477. Sweet bay477. Baie sucrée
478. Lentils478. Lentilles
479. Garden cress479. Cresson des jardins
480. Red onion480. Oignon rouge
481. Green onion481. Oignon vert

Exemple de catégories de produits alimentaires transformés contenant l’additif

Viande; Vous permet de restaurer la couleur de la viande après son traitement.

Exemple de produit (open food fact)

Aucun produits

Autres applications non alimentaires

Cosmétiques et soins de la peau

En ce qui nous concerne, cette substance chimique est donc initialement un produit attrayant pour l’industrie cosmétique surtout d’un point de vue financier car il en faut très peu pour conserver un produit, tellement son action est puissante. Son cout de revient ne dépasse pas quelques dollars le kg.

Ses fonctions (INCI)

  • Antimicrobien : Aide à ralentir la croissance de micro-organismes sur la peau et s’oppose au développement des microbes
  • Dénaturant : Rend les cosmétiques désagréables. Principalement ajouté aux cosmétiques contenant de l’alcool éthylique
  • Conservateur : Inhibe le développement des micro-organismes dans les produits cosmétiques.

Cet ingrédient est présent dans 0.04% des cosmétiques.

Example de produit cosmétique en contenant:

MAC CosmeticsDuo – Colle pour Faux-cils – 14 g
AndreaColle transparente pour bandes de faux cils
MavalaScientifique – Durcisseur d’ongles 5 ml
DuoLash Adhesive – Clear – Colle Foncé
MavalaDurcisseur d’ongles
O.P.IDurcisseur OPI NTT80 15ml
VitryVernis à ongles réparateur Mat
FurtererVolumea – Rituel Volume Shampooing expanseur
HérômeSérum de croissance pour les ongles 7ml
Peggy SageDurcisseur cure express pour ongles
creme douche douceur de miel – arbre vert – 250ml
creme douche douceur de miel – arbre vert – 250ml
Crème lavante Jabon en Crema – Romar – 400 ml
hip hair color – goodmark – 125 ml
Vernis à ongles – Y.S.S.Y – 12 ml
Yssy – Yesensy – 12ml

Pharmaceutique

  • Utiliser pour sécher la peau avant ou après l’ablation chirurgicale des verrues ou lorsque la sécheresse est nécessaire.
  • En dentisterie, il a été utilisé comme obtundent pour la dentine sensible et comme antiseptique dans les pâtes momifiantes et pour les canaux radiculaires
  • Ingrédient actif des crèmes contraceptives

Autres utilisations;

Utilisé dans la fabrication de plastiques, films photographiques, explosifs. Grâce à son effet antiseptique, il est utilisé pour préserver les matériaux biologiques et créer des modèles anatomiques.

  • MÉDICAMENTS (VET): Pour diverses maladies de la peau des grands animaux et la gale démodécique chez le chien et comme antiseptiques, fumigants, ont été utilisés dans le tympan, la diarrhée, la mammite, la pneumonie, les saignements internes.
  • principalement dans la fabrication de divers colles, résines et vernis présents dans la production de contreplaqué, de panneaux agglomérés de fibres ou de particules (mélamine), de meubles et d’autres produits du bois.
  • Comme intermédiaire dans la synthèse de multiples autres produits tels :
  • le 1,4-butanediol, le triméthylolpropane, le 2,2-diméthyl-1,3-propanediol et le diisocyanate-4,4′ de diphényleméthane (MDI), qui servent à leur tour à la fabrication de polyuréthane, de plastiques de type polyester, d’huile lubrifiante synthétique et de plastifiants
  • l’acide nitriloacétique (NTA) et l’acide éthylènediaminetétraacétique (EDTA), agents complexants présents dans plusieurs détergents
  • dans la composition d’agent de conservation en thanatopraxie (services funéraires : embaumement)
  • comme fixateur, désinfectant et déshydratant de tissus biologiques (laboratoire de pathologie)
  • comme fumigant insecticide, germicide, fongicide (secteur agricole : fumigation de couvoir)
  • comme désinfectant, antiseptique et additif antibactérien (industries phamaceutique et cosmétique)
  • pour la fabrication de noyaux et moules (fonderie)
  • dans la composition d’apprêt antifroissage et teinture (industrie de finition textile)
  • dans d’autres domaines et secteurs divers tels que l’industrie du papier (résistance à l’humidité et surface laminée (papier glacé)), l’industrie chimique (peinture et vernis, produits d’imprimerie et de photographie), les isolants minéraux non métalliques, l’industrie alimentaire (nettoyages d’aliments comestibles), pièces et composantes électroniques, l’industrie du cuir (apprêt et agent de tannage), la fabrication d’engrais, de fertilisants, et d’explosifs.
  • Abrasifs
  • Additifs de peinture et additifs de revêtement non décrits par d’autres catégories
  • Adhésifs et produits chimiques d’étanchéité
  • Adsorbants et absorbants
  • Agents d’échange d’ions
  • Agents tensioactifs
  • Aides technologiques, non répertoriées ailleurs
  • Aux auxiliaires technologiques, spécifiques à la production pétrolière
  • Colorants
  • Fongicide, microbiocide EPA Pesticide Ecotoxicity Database
  • Fongicides, traitement des sols EU Pesticides Database
  • Inhibiteurs de corrosion et agents antitartre
  • Insecticides EU Pesticides Database
  • Intermédiaires
  • Plastifiants

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