3.086 Additif alimentaire E242, Dicarbonate de diméthyle , DMDC

Il est utilisé comme additif alimentaire pour la conservation des boissons et n’affecte ni le goût, ni l’odeur, ni la couleur. Bien connu par son nom de marque Velcorin.

Le dicarbonate de diméthyle -DMDC- est un composé organique qui est un liquide incolore avec une odeur piquante à haute concentration à température ambiante. Il est principalement utilisé comme conservateur de boisson, auxiliaire de traitement ou stérilisant -INS n ° 242-, et agit en inhibant les enzymes acétate kinase et acide L-glutamique décarboxylase.

Autres noms

FrancaisAnglais
Bicarbonate de diméthyleDimethyl pyrocarbonate
 DMDC
 Dicarbonic acid dimethyl ester
 Dimethyl dicarbonate
 Dimethyl oxydiformate
 Methoxycarbonyl methyl carbonate
 Velcorin

Fonction et caractéristiques

Inhibiteur de levure, conservateur. Utilisé dans les boissons aux fruits, les boissons pour sportifs et le vin.

CARACTÉRISTIQUES

Additifs de synthèse qui se présente sous la forme d’un liquide incolore. Il se décompose en méthanol et CO2 lorsqu’il est en présence d’eau.

Utilisations

Agent estérifiant doux. Conservateur pour vins, boissons gazeuses, jus de fruits.

Le DMDC (diméthyl dicarbonate) est un agent de contrôle microbien ayant été appliqué avec succès dans les boissons et l’industrie du vin depuis plus de 25 ans.

Autorisé seulement dans les boissons aromatisées sans alcool, les vins et les vins sans alcool et le concentré liquide de thé.  Autorisé dans les boissons à une hauteur maximale de 250 mg/litres.

Toxicité

Le méthanol est naturellement présent dans le corps humain, les animaux, les plantes et les aliments. Cependant, à hautes doses, il est toxique, c’est pourquoi la quantité de Dicarbonate de diméthyle est limité à 250 mg par litres

Les risques

Le produit à l’état pur est corrosif au niveau cutané et oculaire et il est toxique en cas d’inhalation ou d’ingestion. Il doit être manipulé selon un certain protocole et avec précaution.

Effets secondaires

Le E242 est un additif de synthèse autorisé comme conservateur dans certaines boissons. Il se décompose intégralement en méthanol et dioxyde de carbone et/ou réagit pour former d’autres composés. Le méthanol est un neurotoxique

RÉSIDUS AUTORISÉS (dits Critères de pureté)

Il a été considéré comme un auxiliaire technologique mais il devrait à présent figurer sur la liste des ingrédients comme les autres additifs.

Dosage maximum dans les produits transformés

Information non disponible

Liste des agents de conservation autorisés (Listes des additifs alimentaires autorisés) (Canada)

Partie 3 – Agents de conservation de la catégorie 3
ArticleColonne 1
Additifs
Colonne 2
Permis dans ou sur
Colonne 3
Limites de tolérance et autre conditions
D.1Dicarbonate de diméthyle(1)
Boissons non alcoolisées à base d’eau non normalisées
(1)
250 p.p.m.
(2)
Vin
(2)
200 p.p.m.

Liste des additifs alimentaires autorisés ayant d’autres utilisations acceptées(Canada)

Non listé

DSL – Liste intérieure des substances (Canada)

Liste ou groupe:Résultats de catégorisation de la liste intérieure des substances
Numéro d’identification:4525-33-1
Numéro d’identification (2):
Nom de la substance:Dicarbonate de diméthyle
Information additionnelle:Ne rencontre pas les critères en vertu du paragraphe 73(1) de la Loi canadienne sur la protection de l’environnement (1999) (LCPE).
Pour de plus amples renseignements, veuillez consulter la page web sur la Catégorisation de substances chimiques et les Résultats détaillés de la catégorisation de la liste intérieure des substances qui se trouvent dans les Données ouvertes.
Publication(s) récente(s):Loi canadienne sur la protection de l’environnement : catégorisation des substances existantes
Date de publication:2006-09-14
Liste ou groupe:Liste intérieure des substances (LIS)
Numéro d’identification:4525-33-1
Numéro d’identification (2):
Nom de la substance:Dicarbonate de diméthyle
Information additionnelle:Cette substance est inscrite sur la LIS.
Les substances qui ne figurent pas sur cette liste doivent être déclarées en vertu du Règlement sur les renseignements concernant les substances nouvelles (substances chimiques et polymères) ou Règlement sur les renseignements concernant les substances nouvelles (organismes) afin que les risques pour la santé et l’environnement puissent être évalués avant que la substance ne soit fabriquée ou importée au Canada au-delà des seuils de quantité.
Cette substance a été ajoutée à la LIS en tant que substance ‘existante’, c. à d. en commerce au Canada de 1984 à 1986 et non assujetties au Règlement sur les renseignements concernant les substances nouvelles.
Publication(s) récente(s):Gazette du Canada Partie II, vol. 128, no. 9, le 04 mai 1994, DORS/94-311
Date de publication:1994-05-04

Liste des Produits chimiques préoccupants, non règlementé

Non listé

Liste des substances ajoutées aux aliments Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)

DIMETHYL DICARBONATE

CAS Reg. No. (or other ID)*:4525-33-1
Substance:DIMETHYL DICARBONATE
Other Names:♦ DIMETHYL DICARBONATE
♦ DIMETHYL PYROCARBONATE
♦ DICARBONIC ACID, DIMETHYL ESTER
♦ FORMIC ACID, OXYDI-, DIMETHYL ESTER
♦ DIMETHYL OXYDIFORMATE
♦ METHYL PYROCARBONATE
Used for (Technical Effect):ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT
Food additive and GRAS regulations (21 CFR Parts 170-186):172.133

*Definitions

  • CAS Reg. No. (or other ID): Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) Registry Number® for the substance or a numerical code assigned by CFSAN to those substances that do not have a CAS Registry Number (977nnn-nn-n series).
  • Substance: The name of the ingredient as recognized by CFSAN.
  • Used for (Technical Effect): The physical or technical effect(s) the substance has in or on food; see 21 CFR 170.3(o) for definitions.
  • 21 CFR: Title 21 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
  • FEMA No.: The trade association, Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA), has established expert panels to evaluate and make independent determinations on the GRAS status of flavoring substances. The FEMA number is provided here as a reference to FEMA’s GRAS assessments.
    • The GRAS Pub. No. is the FEMA GRAS™ publication number.
    • NLFG is no longer FEMA GRAS™.
  • JECFA: The Joint Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) is an international expert scientific committee that is administered jointly by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). See JECFA Specifications for Flavourings <External Link Disclaimer>

OTC Active Ingredients

Non listé

Title 21

TITLE 21–FOOD AND DRUGS
CHAPTER I–FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES
SUBCHAPTER B – FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION (CONTINUED)

PART 172 — FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION

Subpart B – Food Preservatives

Sec. 172.133 Dimethyl dicarbonate.
Dimethyl dicarbonate (CAS Reg. No. 4525-33-1) may be safely used in food in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (a) The additive meets the following specifications: (1) The additive has a purity of not less than 99.8 percent as determined by the following titration method: principles of method Dimethyl dicarbonate (DMDC) is mixed with excess diisobutylamine with which it reacts quantitatively. The excess amine is backtitrated with acid. apparatus 250-milliliter (mL) Beaker 100-mL Graduate cylinder 25-mL Pipette 10-mL Burette (automatic, eg., Metrohm burette) Stirrer Device for potentiometric titration Reference electrode Glass electrode reagents Acetone, analytical-grade Solution of 1 N diisobutylamine in chlorobenzene, distilled 1 N Acetic Acid procedure Accurately weigh in about 2 grams of the sample (W) and dissolve in 100 mL acetone. Add accurately 25 mL of the 1 N diisobutylamine solution by pipette and allow to stand for 5 minutes. Subsequently, titrate the reaction mixture potentiometrically with 1 N hydrochloric acid (consumption=a mL) while stirring. For determining the blank consumption, carry out the analysis without a sample (consumption=b mL). calculation (2) The additive contains not more than 2,000 ppm (0.2 percent) dimethyl carbonate as determined by a method entitled « Gas Chromatography Method for Dimethyl Carbonate Impurity in Dimethyl Dicarbonate, » which is incorporated by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a). Copies are available from the Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-200), 5001 Campus Dr., College Park, MD 20740, or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/code_of_federal_regulations/ibr_locations.html. (b) The additive is used or intended for use as a microbial control agent in the following beverages under normal circumstances of bottling, canning, or other forms of final packaging, where the viable microbial load has been reduced to 500 microorganisms per milliliter or less by current good manufacturing practices such as heat treatment, filtration, or other technologies prior to the use of dimethyl dicarbonate: (1) In wine, dealcoholized wine, and low alcohol wine in an amount not to exceed 200 parts per million. (2) In ready-to-drink teas in an amount not to exceed 250 parts per million. (3) In carbonated or noncarbonated, non juice-containing (less than or equal to 1 percent juice), flavored or unflavored beverages containing added electrolytes (5-20 milliequivalents/liter sodium ion (Na + ) and 3-7 milliequivalents/liter potassium ion (K + )) in an amount not to exceed 250 parts per million. (4) In carbonated, dilute beverages containing juice, fruit flavor, or both, with juice content not to exceed 50 percent, in an amount not to exceed 250 parts per million. (c) To ensure the safe use of the food additive, the label of the package containing the additive shall bear, in addition to other information required by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act: (1) The name of the additive « dimethyl dicarbonate. » (2) The intended use of the additive. (3) Adequate directions for use to ensure compliance with this section. For adding the diisobutylamine solution, always use the same pipette and wait for a further three drops to fall when the flow has stopped. Note: [53 FR 41329, Oct. 21, 1988, as amended at 58 FR 6091, Jan. 26, 1993; 59 FR 5319, Feb. 4, 1994; 61 FR 14245, Apr. 1, 1996; 61 FR 26788, May 29, 1996; 66 FR 13653, Mar. 7, 2001]

 DrugPortal

Listé

Listé EINECS(European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances)

Dimethyl dicarbonate

Substance identity

  • EC / List no.: 224-859-8
  • CAS no.: 4525-33-1
  • Mol. formula: C4H6O5

Hazard classification & labellingGHS05: Corrosive GHS06: Acute Toxicity

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications this substance is fatal if inhaled, causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful in contact with skin, causes serious eye damage and is a flammable liquid and vapour.

about INFOCARD – Last updated: 16/09/2020

Regulatory context

Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):

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REACH – Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals Regulation

Substances predicted as likely to meet criteria for category 1A or 1B carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, or reproductive toxicity.

Substances indicated, in 2009, as being intended to be registered by at least one company in the EEA.

CLP – Classification, Labelling and Packaging

Substances for which classification and labelling data have been notified to ECHA by manufacturers or importers. Such notifications are required for hazardous substances, mixtures, or articles, manufactured or imported at over 1 kg per annum.

Previous Legislations

Substances listed in the EINECS, ELINCS, or NLP inventories.

Substance names and other identifiers

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Regulatory process names

Dimethyl decarbonate ; EC Inventory

dimethyl decarbonate Pre-Registration process

IUPAC names

Dimethyl decarbonate ; C&L Inventory, Other

dimethyl decarbonate C&L Inventory, Other

Other identifiers

4525-33-1 ; EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Pre-Registration process

Flavor and Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA)

ALPHA-AMYLCINNAMALDEHYDE DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 20622062
BENZALDEHYDE DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 21282128
BENZYL 2,3-DIMETHYLCROTONATEFEMA 21432143
CAMPHENEFEMA 22292229
CITRALFEMA 23032303
CITRAL DIETHYL ACETALFEMA 23042304
CITRAL DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 23052305
CITRONELLALFEMA 23072307
DL-CITRONELLOLFEMA 23092309
CITRONELLOXYACETALDEHYDEFEMA 23102310
CITRONELLYL ACETATEFEMA 23112311
CITRONELLYL BUTYRATEFEMA 23122312
CITRONELLYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 23132313
CITRONELLYL FORMATEFEMA 23142314
CITRONELLYL PHENYLACETATEFEMA 23152315
CITRONELLYL PROPIONATEFEMA 23162316
CITRONELLYL VALERATEFEMA 23172317
DECANAL DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 23632363
DIACETYLFEMA 23702370
M-DIMETHOXYBENZENEFEMA 23852385
P-DIMETHOXYBENZENEFEMA 23862386
ALPHA,ALPHA-DIMETHYLBENZYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 23882388
2,6-DIMETHYL-5-HEPTENALFEMA 23892389
3,7-DIMETHYL-1-OCTANOLFEMA 23912391
ALPHA,ALPHA-DIMETHYLPHENETHYL ACETATEFEMA 23922392
ALPHA,ALPHA-DIMETHYLPHENETHYL ALCOHOLFEMA 23932393
ALPHA,ALPHA-DIMETHYLPHENETHYL BUTYRATEFEMA 23942394
ALPHA,ALPHA-DIMETHYLPHENETHYL FORMATEFEMA 23952395
DIMETHYL SUCCINATEFEMA 23962396
GERANIOLFEMA 25072507
GERANYL ACETATEFEMA 25092509
GERANYL ACETOACETATEFEMA 25102510
GERANYL BENZOATEFEMA 25112511
GERANYL BUTYRATEFEMA 25122512
GERANYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 25132513
GERANYL FORMATEFEMA 25142514
GERANYL HEXANOATEFEMA 25152515
GERANYL PHENYLACETATEFEMA 25162516
GERANYL PROPIONATEFEMA 25172517
GERANYL ISOVALERATEFEMA 25182518
HEPTANAL, DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 25412541
HYDROXYCITRONELLALFEMA 25832583
HYDROXYCITRONELLAL DIETHYL ACETALFEMA 25842584
HYDROXYCITRONELLAL DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 25852585
HYDROXYCITRONELLOLFEMA 25862586
LINALOOLFEMA 26352635
LINALYL ACETATEFEMA 26362636
LINALYL ANTHRANILATEFEMA 26372637
LINALYL BENZOATEFEMA 26382638
LINALYL BUTYRATEFEMA 26392639
LINALYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 26402640
LINALYL CINNAMATEFEMA 26412641
LINALYL FORMATEFEMA 26422642
LINALYL HEXANOATEFEMA 26432643
LINALYL OCTANOATEFEMA 26442644
LINALYL PROPIONATEFEMA 26452645
LINALYL ISOVALERATEFEMA 26462646
METHYL O-METHOXYBENZOATEFEMA 27172717
METHYL N-METHYLANTHRANILATEFEMA 27182718
2-METHYL-4-PHENYL-2-BUTYL ACETATEFEMA 27352735
2-METHYL-4-PHENYL-2-BUTYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 27362736
METHYL SULFIDEFEMA 27462746
2-METHYL-3-TOLYLPROPIONALDEHYDEFEMA 27482748
NEROLFEMA 27702770
NERYL ACETATEFEMA 27732773
NERYL BUTYRATEFEMA 27742774
NERYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 27752775
NERYL FORMATEFEMA 27762776
NERYL PROPIONATEFEMA 27772777
NERYL ISOVALERATEFEMA 27782778
OCTANAL DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 27982798
PHENYLACETALDEHYDE 2,3-BUTYLENE GLYCOL ACETALFEMA 28752875
PHENYLACETALDEHYDE DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 28762876
2-PHENYLPROPIONALDEHYDE DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 28882888
BETA-PINENEFEMA 29032903
RHODINOLFEMA 29802980
RHODINYL ACETATEFEMA 29812981
RHODINYL BUTYRATEFEMA 29822982
RHODINYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 29832983
RHODINYL FORMATEFEMA 29842984
RHODINYL PHENYLACETATEFEMA 29852985
RHODINYL PROPIONATEFEMA 29862986
RHODINYL ISOVALERATEFEMA 29872987
3,4,5,6-TETRAHYDROPSEUDOIONONEFEMA 30593059
TETRAHYDROLINALOOLFEMA 30603060
2-(P-TOLYL)PROPIONALDEHYDEFEMA 30783078
VERATRALDEHYDEFEMA 31093109
2,6-DIMETHOXYPHENOLFEMA 31373137
P-ALPHA-DIMETHYLBENZYL ALCOHOLFEMA 31393139
2,6-DIMETHYL-4-HEPTANOLFEMA 31403140
2,6-DIMETHYL-10-METHYLENE-2,6,11-DODECATRIENALFEMA 31413141
3,7-DIMETHYL-6-OCTENOIC ACIDFEMA 31423142
2,4-DIMETHYL-2-PENTENOIC ACIDFEMA 31433143
2,4-DIMETHYL-5-VINYLTHIAZOLEFEMA 31453145
2-ETHYL-3,(5 OR 6)-DIMETHYLPYRAZINEFEMA 31493149
3-ETHYL-2,6-DIMETHYLPYRAZINEFEMA 31503150
NOOTKATONEFEMA 31663166
4-HYDROXY-2,5-DIMETHYL-3(2H)-FURANONEFEMA 31743174
GAMMA-IONONEFEMA 31753175
P-MENTH-1-ENE-9-ALFEMA 31783178
4,5,6,7-TETRAHYDRO-3,6-DIMETHYLBENZOFURANFEMA 32353235
TRIMETHYLAMINEFEMA 32413241
P-ALPHA,ALPHA-TRIMETHYLBENZYL ALCOHOLFEMA 32423242
2,6-XYLENOLFEMA 32493249
2,4-DIMETHYL-5-ACETYLTHIAZOLEFEMA 32673267
3,4-DIMETHYL-1,2-CYCLOPENTADIONEFEMA 32683268
3,5-DIMETHYL-1,2-CYCLOPENTADIONEFEMA 32693269
SPIRO(2,4-DITHIA-1-METHYL-8-OXABICYCLO(3.3.0)OCTANE-3,3′-(1′-OXA-2′-METHYL)-CYCLOPENTANE)FEMA 3270 
2,3-DIMETHYLPYRAZINEFEMA 3271 
2,5-DIMETHYLPYRAZINEFEMA 3272 
2,6-DIMETHYLPYRAZINEFEMA 3273 
4,5-DIMETHYLTHIAZOLEFEMA 3274 
DIMETHYL TRISULFIDEFEMA 3275 
3-(5-METHYL-2-FURYL)-BUTANALFEMA 3307 
ACETONEFEMA 3326 
BISABOLENEFEMA 3331 
6-HYDROXY-3,7-DIMETHYLOCTANOIC ACID LACTONEFEMA 3355 
METHYL 3,7-DIMETHYL-6-OCTENOATEFEMA 3361 
3-OXOBUTANAL DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 3381 
1,3,3-TRIMETHYL-2-NORBORNANYL ACETATEFEMA 3390 
3-ACETYL-2,5-DIMETHYLFURANFEMA 3391 
2-FORMYL-6,6-DIMETHYLBICYCLO(3.1.1)HEPT-2-ENEFEMA 3395 
2-HYDROXYMETHYL-6,6-DIMETHYLBICYCLO(3.1.1)HEPT-2-ENYL FORMATEFEMA 3405 
1,1-DIMETHOXYETHANEFEMA 3426 
2,4-DIMETHYLBENZALDEHYDEFEMA 3427 
MYRTENOLFEMA 3439 
VALENCENEFEMA 3443 
DL-(3-AMINO-3-CARBOXYPROPYL)DIMETHYLSULFONIUM CHLORIDEFEMA 3445 
1,4-DIMETHYL-4-ACETYL-1-CYCLOHEXENEFEMA 3449 
2,5-DIMETHYL-2,5-DIHYDROXY-1,4-DITHIANEFEMA 3450 
2,5-DIMETHYL-3-FURANTHIOLFEMA 3451 
THIOGERANIOLFEMA 3472 
BIS(2,5-DIMETHYL-3-FURYL) DISULFIDEFEMA 3476 
S-(2,5-DIMETHYL-3-FURYL)THIO-2-FUROATEFEMA 3481 
2,5-DIMETHYL-3-THIOISOVALERYLFURANFEMA 3482 
LINALYL PHENYLACETATEFEMA 3501 
2,3-DIMETHYLBENZOFURANFEMA 3535 
DIMETHYL DISULFIDEFEMA 3536 
2,6-DIMETHYL-4-HEPTANONEFEMA 3537 
2,6-DIMETHYL-3-((2-METHYL-3-FURYL)THIO)-4-HEPTANONEFEMA 3538 
3,7-DIMETHYL-1,3,6-OCTATRIENEFEMA 3539 
3,5-DIMETHYL-1,2,4-TRITHIOLANEFEMA 3541 
6,10-DIMETHYL-5,9-UNDECADIEN-2-ONEFEMA 3542 
1-P-MENTHEN-9-YL ACETATEFEMA 3566 
2(10)-PINEN-3-OLFEMA 3587 
THEOBROMINEFEMA 3591 
1,2,3-TRIS((1′-ETHOXY)ETHOXY)PROPANEFEMA 3593 
2,5-XYLENOLFEMA 3595 
3,4-XYLENOLFEMA 3596 
2-(2-BUTYL)-4,5-DIMETHYL-3-THIAZOLINEFEMA 3619 
4,5-DIMETHYL-2-ETHYL-3-THIAZOLINEFEMA 3620 
4,5-DIMETHYL-2-ISOBUTYL-3-THIAZOLINEFEMA 3621 
2-METHYL-4-PHENYL-2-BUTANOLFEMA 3629 
4,5-DIMETHYL-3-HYDROXY-2,5-DIHYDROFURAN-2-ONEFEMA 3634 
4-ACETYL-6-T-BUTYL-1,1-DIMETHYLINDANFEMA 3653 
2,6-DIMETHYL-6-HEPTEN-1-OLFEMA 3663 
2,5-DIMETHYL-4-METHOXY-3(2H)-FURANONEFEMA 3664 
2,2-DIMETHYL-5-(1-METHYLPROPEN-1-YL)TETRAHYDROFURANFEMA 3665 
2,6-DIMETHYLTHIOPHENOLFEMA 3666 
2-ETHYL-4,5-DIMETHYLOXAZOLEFEMA 3672 
DEHYDROMENTHOFUROLACTONEFEMA 3755 
MINTLACTONEFEMA 3764 
MYRTENYL ACETATEFEMA 3765 
DIHYDRONOOTKATONEFEMA 3776 
2 OR 4-ISOBUTYL-(4 OR 2),6-DIMETHYLDIHYDRO-4H-1,3,5-DITHIAZINEFEMA 3781 
2 OR 4-ISOPROPYL-(4 OR 2),6-DIMETHYLDIHYDRO-4H-1,3,5-DITHIAZINEFEMA 3782 
4-ACETOXY-2,5-DIMETHYL-3(2H)FURANONEFEMA 3797 
1,2-DIMETHOXYBENZENEFEMA 3799 
DIISOPROPYL DISULFIDEFEMA 3827 
2-(3,7-DIMETHYL-2,6-OCTADIENYL)CYCLOPENTANONEFEMA 3829 
(E,R)-3,7-DIMETHYL-1,5,7-OCTATRIEN-3-OLFEMA 3830 
ALPHA-FARNESENEFEMA 3839 
2-(4-METHYL-2-HYDROXYPHENYL)PROPIONIC ACID-GAMMA-LACTONEFEMA 3863 
METHYLSULFINYLMETHANEFEMA 3875 
S-METHYL THIOACETATEFEMA 3876 
8-OCIMENYL ACETATEFEMA 3886 
6,7-DIHYDRO-2,3-DIMETHYL-5H-CYCLOPENTAPYRAZINEFEMA 3917 
10-HYDROXYMETHYLENE-2-PINENEFEMA 3938 
DIISOPROPYL TRISULFIDEFEMA 3968 
(E) & (Z)-4,8-DIMETHYL-3,7-NONADIEN-2-ONEFEMA 3969 
2,5-DIMETHYL-3-OXO-(2H)-FUR-4-YL BUTYRATEFEMA 3970 
CIS AND TRANS-2,5-DIMETHYLTETRAHYDROFURAN-3-THIOLFEMA 3971 
CIS AND TRANS-2,5-DIMETHYLTETRAHYDRO-3-FURYL THIOACETATEFEMA 3972 
VANILLIN ERYTHRO AND THREO-BUTAN-2,3-DIOL ACETALFEMA 4023 
DIHYDROMINTLACTONEFEMA 4032 
2,5-DIMETHYL-3-FURANTHIOL ACETATEFEMA 4034 
2,5-DIMETHYLTHIAZOLEFEMA 4035 
GERANYL TIGLATEFEMA 4044 
2-HEXYL-4,5-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXOLANEFEMA 4048 
4-HYDROXY-3,5,-DIMETHOXY BENZALDEHYDEFEMA 4049 
4-HYDROXY-2,3-DIMETHYL-2,4-NONADIENOIC ACID GAMMA LACTONEFEMA 4050 
(+/-)-2-(5-METHYL-5-VINYL-TETRAHYDROFURAN-2-YL)PROPIONALDEHYDEFEMA 4058 
4-ACETYL-2,5-DIMETHYL-3(2H)-FURANONEFEMA 4070 
2-ACETYL-3,5-DIMETHYLFURANFEMA 4071 
CITRONELLYL ANTHRANILATEFEMA 4086 
DEHYDRONOOTKATONEFEMA 4091 
1,1-DIMETHOXY-TRANS-2-HEXENEFEMA 4098 
2,4-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXOLANEFEMA 4099 
3,5- AND 3,6-DIMETHYL-2-ISOBUTYLPYRAZINEFEMA 4100 
2,5-DIMETHYL-3(2H)-FURANONEFEMA 4101 
(+/-)-TRANS- AND CIS-4,8-DIMETHYL-3,7-NONADIEN-2-OLFEMA 4102 
(+/-)-TRANS- AND CIS-4,8-DIMETHYL-3,7-NONADIEN-2-YL ACETATEFEMA 4103 
2,5-DIMETHYL-4-ETHOXY-3(2H)-FURANONEFEMA 4104 
2,5-DIMETHYLFURANFEMA 4106 
GERANIC ACIDFEMA 4121 
GERANYL 2-METHYLBUTYRATEFEMA 4122 
GERANYL VALERATEFEMA 4123 
2-(2-HYDROXY-4-METHYL-3-CYCLOHEXENYL)PROPIONIC ACID GAMMA-LACTONEFEMA 4140 
5-HYDROXY-4-METHYLHEXANOIC ACID DELTA-LACTONEFEMA 4141 
METHYL N,N-DIMETHYLANTHRANILATEFEMA 4169 
VETIVEROLFEMA 4217 
VETIVERYL ACETATEFEMA 4218 
(+/-)-N,N-DIMETHYL MENTHYL SUCCINAMIDEFEMA 4230 
N,N-DIMETHYLPHENETHYLAMINEFEMA 4248 
N-3,7-DIMETHYL-2,6-OCTADIENYLCYCLOPROPYLCARBOXAMIDEFEMA 4267 
3,9-DIMETHYL-6-(1-METHYLETHYL)-1,4-DIOXASPIRO[4.5]DECAN-2-ONEFEMA 4285 
CIS- AND TRANS-ETHYL 2,4-DIMETHYL-1,3-DIOXOLANE-2-ACETATEFEMA 4294 
CITRONELLYL TRANS-2-METHYL-2-BUTENOATEFEMA 4295 
PSEUDOIONONEFEMA 4299 
3,6-DIMETHYL-2,3,3A,4,5,7A-HEXAHYDROBENZOFURANFEMA 4315 
PYRROLIDINO-[1,2E]-4H-2,4-DIMETHYL-1,3,5-DITHIAZINEFEMA 4321 
3,7-DIMETHYLOCTANALFEMA 4348 
DODECANAL DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 4366 
NONANAL DIMETHYL ACETALFEMA 4367 
2,6-DIMETHYL-5-HEPTENAL PROPYLENEGLYCOL ACETALFEMA 4382 
HEXANAL BUTANE-2,3-DIOL ACETALFEMA 4384 
2,5-DIMETHYL-4-ETHYLOXAZOLEFEMA 4395 
6-METHYL-5-HEPTEN-2-ONE PROPYLENEGLYCOL ACETALFEMA 4400 
2,4-DIMETHYL-4-NONANOLFEMA 4407 
2,4-DIMETHYL-3-OXAZOLINEFEMA 4429 
DIMETHYL ADIPATEFEMA 4472 
ETHYL LEVULINATE PROPYLENEGLYCOL KETALFEMA 4479 
HYDROXYCITRONELLAL PROPYLENEGLYCOL ACETALFEMA 4485 
CITRAL GLYCERYL ACETALFEMA 4486 
CUBEBOLFEMA 4497 
(2,4)- AND (3,5)- AND (3,6)-DIMETHYL-3-CYCLOHEXENYLCARBALDEHYDEFEMA 4505 
PINOCARVYL ISOBUTYRATEFEMA 4525 
ACETOIN PROPYLENEGLYCOL KETALFEMA 4532 
NEROLIDOL OXIDEFEMA 4536 
ETHYL 2,5-DIMETHYL-3-OXO-4(2H)-FURYL CARBONATEFEMA 4546 
DIISOAMYL DISULFIDEFEMA 4575 
DI-SEC-BUTYL DISULFIDEFEMA 4578 
ETHYL LINALYL ETHERFEMA 4591 
N-(2-HYDROXYETHYL)-2,3-DIMETHYL-2-ISOPROPYLBUTANAMIDEFEMA 4602 
N-(1,1-DIMETHYL-2-HYDROXYETHYL)-2,2-DIETHYLBUTANAMIDEFEMA 4603 
ISOPROPYLIDENEGLYCERYL 5-HYDROXYDECANOATEFEMA 4611 
4,5-DIMETHYL-2-ISOBUTYLTHIAZOLEFEMA 4647 
DIGERANYL ETHERFEMA 4664 
OCTAHYDRO-4,8A-DIMETHYL-4A(2H)-NAPHTHOLFEMA 4682 
3-[(4-AMINO-2,2-DIOXIDO-1H-2,1,3-BENZOTHIADIAZIN-5-YL)OXY]-2,2-DIMETHYL-N-PROPYLPROPANAMIDEFEMA 4701 
2(3),5-DIMETHYL-6,7-DIHYDRO-5H-CYCLOPENTAPYRAZINEFEMA 4702 
3-(1-((3,5-DIMETHYLISOXAZOL-4-YL)METHYL)-1H-PYRAZOL-4-YL)-1-(3-HYDROXYBENZYL)IMIDAZOLIDINE-2,4-DIONEFEMA 4725 
3-(1-((3,5-DIMETHYLISOXAZOL-4-YL)METHYL)-1H-PYRAZOL-4-YL)-1-(3-HYDROXYBENZYL)-5,5-DIMETHYLIMIDAZOLIDINE-2,4-DIONEFEMA 4726 
(R)-N-(1-METHOXY-4-METHYLPENTAN-2-YL)-3,4-DIMETHYLBENZAMIDEFEMA 4751 
4-AMINO-5-(3-(ISOPROPYLAMINO)-2,2-DIMETHYL-3-OXOPROPOXY)-2-METHYLQUINOLINE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACIDFEMA 4774 
CARYOPHYLLA-3(4),8-DIEN-5-OLFEMA 4780 
2,6-DIMETHYL-5-HEPTENOLFEMA 4789 
PINOCARVYL ACETATEFEMA 4807 
10% SOLUTION OF 3,4-DIMETHYL-2,3-DIHYDROTHIOPHENE-2-THIOLFEMA 4836 
(3S,5R,8S)-3,8-DIMETHYL-5-PROP-1-EN-2-YL-3,4,5,6,7,8-HEXAHYDRO-2H-AZULEN-1-ONEFEMA 4867 
3,7-DIMETHYL-2-METHYLENEOCT-6-EN-1-OLFEMA 4913 
(5Z)-3,4-DIMETHYL-5-PROPYLIDENE-2(5H)-FURANONEFEMA 4915 
2-METHYL-3-BUTENE-2-THIOL 

Avantages

Empêche la croissance des microbes.

Source de l’additif

Le dicarbonate de diméthyle (DMDC) ou pyrocarbonate de diméthyle est un composé organique de la famille des esters de carbonate.

Origine

VégétaleNonAnimaleNonMinéraleNonSynthétiqueOui

Convient aux régimes

VégétarienOuiVégétalienOuiHallalOuiKosherOui
BiologiqueNonSans glutenOuiSans noixOuiSans œufsOui

Autorisé dans les pays suivants

CountryStatusMatched Term
États-UnisApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
European UnionApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
Australia and New ZealandNot Permitted
PhilippinesApprovedDimethyl Dicarbonate
AutricheApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
BelgiqueApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
BulgarieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
ChypreApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
République tchèqueApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
DanemarkApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
EstonieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
FinlandeApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
FranceApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
AllemagneApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
GrèceApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
HongrieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
IrlandeApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
ItalieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
LettonieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
LituanieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
LuxembourgApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
MalteApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
Pays-BasApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
PologneApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
PortugalApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
RoumanieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
SlovaquieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
SlovénieApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
EspagneApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
SuèdeApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
Royaume-UniApprovedDimethyl dicarbonate
AustralieNot Permitted
Nouvelle-ZélandeNot Permitted

Utilisation restreinte

CountryStatusMatched Term
États-UnisMatching Terms Not Found

Utilisation interdite

CountryStatusMatched Term
PhilippinesNot Permitted
AustralieNot Permitted
Nouvelle-ZélandeNot Permitted

Spécification technique

  • CAS  004-525-33-1
  • Formule moléculaire; (CH3OCO)2O
  • EINECS Number: 224-859-8

Additifs similaires

ConservateursConservateursConservateursConservateurs
E202E220E250E211
Sorbate de potassiumDioxyde de soufreNitrite de sodiumBenzoate de sodium

Ou peut-on retrouvé

  • Jus de fruits
  • Bières
  • Vins

Exemple de catégories de produits alimentaires transformés contenant l’additif

  • Boissons aromatisées sans alcool
  • Vins sans alcool
  • Boissons énergétiques
  • Cidre
  • Le poiré
  • Vins aromatisés
  • Concentré liquide de thé
  • Boissons alcoolisées et les spiritueux ayant un degré alcoolique < 15% vol.

Exemple de produit (open food fact)

Ace – Boni – 50 cl
Amigo
Apple spritzer – Gerolsteiner
Apple Spritzer – Gerolsteiner
Apple spritzer – GEROLSTEINER – 750 ml
aptonia strawberry flavor goût fraise – 0,5 l
aqua blackcurrant still water – – 4 x 300 ml
Boisson à l’eau minérale naturelle aromatisée – Intermarche – 330 ml
Boisson à l’eau minérale naturelle aromatisée – Luchon – 1500 ml
Boisson à l’eau minérale naturelle aromatisée – Luchon – 330 ml
Boisson eau de source aromatisée citron vert – Netto
Boisson rafraichissante goût fruité – Blue Power
Bon accord – 275 ml
Brut de pomme – fines bulles – Orangina Schweppes – 1.5 l
Chardonnay sans alcool – Artis – 75 cl
Citro petillant – 50 cl – 5
Citro!
Citro! – Edena – 50cl
Cloudy lemonade – morrisons – 2l
Coop diet sparkling lemonade
Cora Erdbeerwasser, Mit Natürlichem Mineralwasser
Diet Sparkling Lemon & Lime – M&S
Diet Sparkling Pink Cranberry Lemonade – Marks & Spencer – 500 mL e
Diet tonic – M&S
Drops Of Youth Liquid Peel – morrisons
Eau minérale naturelle citron – Luchon – 1,5 l
Eau saveur fraise – SAint-Amand – 33 cl
Emerge Isotonic Sports Drink Orange – – 500 ml
Florida – Dia – 2L
Fruit Shoot – Peche Mangue – Teisseire – 4×20 cl
Fruit Shoot – Teisseire – 20 cl
Fruit shoot – Teisseire – 20 cl
Fruit Shoot – Teisseire – 200 ml
Fruit Shoot – Teisseire – 4 x 20 cL
Fruit Shoot Fruits Rouges – Teisseire – 20 cl
Fruit Shoot Fruits Rouges – Teisseire – 200 ml
Fruit shoot fruizeo – Teisseire – 27.5cl
Fruit Shoot Fruizeo Exotiques – Teisseire – 27.5cl
Fruit Shoot Fruizeo Exotiques – Teisseire – 4×27.5cl
Fruit Shoot Fruizéo Fraise – Teisseire – 4×27,5 cl
Fruit Shoot Fruizéo Pomme – TEISSEIRE – 27.5 cl
Fruit Shoot Goût Grenadine – Teisseire – 20 cl
Fruit shoot Iced Tea – Teisseire – 4x20cl
Fruit Shoot Iced Tea Pêche – Teisseire – 4x20cl
Fruit shoot multivitaminé – Teisseire – 12 x 20 cl
Fruit Shoot Multivitaminé – Teisseire – 4 * 20 cl
Fruit Shoot Multivitaminé – Teisseire – 8x20cl
Fruit Shoot Orange – Teisseire – 80 cl (4 x 20 cl)
Fruit Shoot Orange (pour 100ml) – Teisseire – 20 cl
Fruit Shoot Pêche Mangue – Teisseire – 20 cl
Fruit Shoot Pomme Banane – Teisseire – 80 cl (4 * 20 cl)
Fruit Shoot tropical – 4 x 20 cl
Fruit Shoot Tropical – Teisseire – 4x20cl
Fruit Shoot Tropical – Teisseire – 8 * 20 cl
FruitShoot multivitaminé – Fruit Shoot
Goût Fraise – Cora – 6 * 33 cl
Hydra – Aptonia – 0,5 L
Ice tea – Lipton – 250ml
Ice tea Sparkling – Lipton – 1 L
Ice Tea Thé Vert Saveur Pêche – Chanflor – 50 cl
Iced tea lemon – Boni
Iso ready to drink – Aptonia – 0,5 litre
Italian Salad – Marks And Spencer
Kalao orange carotte – 1,5 L
Light Live Cabernet Sauvignon – 0,75 l
Lipton peche ice tea
Lisbeth citron – 50 cl
Lisbeth fraise
Luchon – 1500 ml
Mojit’eau – Didier
Mojit’Eau Fraise – Didier
Orange crush – asda – 2l
P tits luchon eau fraise – 33 cl
Peach & Raspberry – Marks & Spencer – 500 ml e
Peach Flavour Ice Tea – Lipton – 500 ml
Peche pomme poire – Saint Amand
P’tit Luchon – Intermarché – 33cl
Robinsons fruit shoot Blackcurrant
Sainsbury’s Tropical Crush – 2 l
Saveur Fraise – Saint-Amand – 6 * 33 cl
Sega lontan – edena – 1.5
Sémillante arômes naturels Citron – Milles – 0,5l
Sport Drink flavour apple kiwi – Aptonia – 50 cl
Sport Drink Lemon – Boni – 50 cl
Still Mango passion fruit –
STILL SPRING WATER – LEMON & GINGER – Marks and Spencer
Still Strawberry – Tesco
Still water Lemon & Lime – M&S
Still water strawberry – Marks & Spencer – 500 ml
Still Water with Peach & Raspberry flavour – M&S – 1 l
sumo de frutos vermelhos – Continente – 1l
Tchina –
tchina – cevital – 2 l
Tchina تشينا – Cevital – 1 litre
Tesco
Thé glacé Lisbeth 1,25L – 125 cl
Thé noir, ginseng, citron – Chà Preto Gingseng & Limao
Thé vert et myrtille
vim2o light
Water+ – Co-operative – 500ml
Aqua viva Hydroactive breskva – Knjaz Milos – 0.75 l
Boisson à l’eau de source aromatisée fraise – Netto – 50 cl
Citro! – Saveur menthe – Edena
Citron Citron vert – Lisbeth – 125 cl
Cocktail ACE ou cocktail C+E – Pack de 6 bouteilles de 0.5l – Fruima – 3l (6 x 0.5l)
Epsa Green Tea Lemon With Pomegranate & Sour Cherry Light 330ML
Lisbeth plate peche orange
Thé kalao pêche – 1,5 L
Thé pêche – Auvergnat

Quantité autorisée dans les boissons

Quantité Autorisée dans les Aliments

Les doses maximales pouvant être incorporées, selon le Codex Alimentarius, varient de 200 à 250 mg/kg suivant les catégories de produits.

Cela n’implique pas que l’additif est systématiquement ajouté dans ces produits.

Type d’AlimentDose Maximale AutoriséeNote
Cidre et poiré250 mg/kgEn tant que concentration ajoutée: résidus non détectés dans les aliments prêts à consommer.
Café et succédanés de café, thé, infusions et autres boissons chaudes à base de céréales et de grains, à l’exception du cacao250 mg/kgEn tant que concentration ajoutée: résidus non détectés dans les aliments prêts à consommer.
Vins200 mg/kgEn tant que concentration ajoutée: résidus non détectés dans les aliments prêts à consommer.
Hydromel200 mg/kgEn tant que concentration ajoutée: résidus non détectés dans les aliments prêts à consommer.
Boissons à base d’eau aromatisée, incluant les boissons pour sportifs et les boissons « énergétiques » ou « électrolytes », et les boissons concentrées250 mg/kgEn tant que concentration ajoutée: résidus non détectés dans les aliments prêts à consommer.
Vins (produit à l’aide d’autres fruits que le raisin)250 mg/kgEn tant que concentration ajoutée: résidus non détectés dans les aliments prêts à consommer.

Autres applications non alimentaires

#CategoryCategory Description
1Appliance, lawn_gardenProducts used outside the home (includes outdoor toys such as sandboxes, canopies and shelters, garden statues, outdoor lighting and seating, outdoor power equipment, etc 
2BatteriesHousehold or automotive batteries; only assigned when battery is specifically indicated by the source (e.g., ‘electronics’ likely contain batteries, bu 
3Building_materialMaterials used in the building process, such as flooring, insulation, caulk, tile, wood, glass, etc.
4ConstructionGeneral construction (as opposed to those things labeled building_construction); i.e. 
5Consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are f 
6ElectronicsConsumer electronic equipment of all types, including phones, computers, cameras etc. 
7Electronics, batteriesHousehold or automotive batteries; only assigned when battery is specifically indicated by the source (e.g., ‘electronics’ likely contain batteries, bu 
8Electronics, batteries, consumer_useTerm applied when the only information the source indicates is ‘consumer’ or ‘consumer product’ ; also applied to terms that the source indicates are f 
9Electronics, earsProducts used on the ears (e.g. headphones, headsets, earplugs); note does not include ear drops, lotions, etc
10FuelGeneral fuels, fuel additives, motor/automotive fuels
#CategoryCategory Description
11Industrial_manufacturing
12Manufacturing, chemicalGeneral term used only when the only information known from the source is ‘chemical,’ typically related to manufacturing of chemicals, or laboratory chemicals 
13Manufacturing, coalRelated to coal products, specifically related to manufacturing or mining
14Manufacturing, oilCrude oil, crude petroleum, refined oil products, fuel oils, drilling oils
15Manufacturing, paintVarious types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
16Manufacturing, plasticsPlastic products, industry for plastics, manufacturing of plastics, plastic additives (modifiers included when known)
17Manufacturing, raw_materialRaw materials used in a variety of products and industries (e.g. in cosmetics, chemical manufacturing, production of metals, etc); modifiers included when known to indicate what the raw materials are used for 
18PaintVarious types of paint for various uses, modifiers included when more information is known
19Process_regulatorAccelerators, activators, oxidation agents, reducing agents, etc
20SolventPaint removers, graffiti removers, or general solvents

Cosmétiques et soins de la peau

Ses fonctions (INCI)

  • Masquage
  • Propergol
  • Solvant

Example de produit cosmétique en contenant:

NameTechnologySupplierDocs & SupportArtec Chemical DMCSolvents Carriers Fragrances
NomLa technologieFournisseurDocuments et assistanceArtec Chemical DMCTransporteurs de solvants Parfums

Pharmaceutique

Aucun produit identifié

Autres informations

Dans les vins, il remplace le dioxyde de soufre, un allergène commun, en éliminant les levures telles que les brettanomyce

Il a également été proposé que le DMDC inhibe les enzymes alcool déshydrogénase et glycéraldéhyde 3-phosphate déshydrogénase en provoquant la méthoxycarbonylation de leurs composants histidine.

Bibliographie

  • « Additifs alimentaires, le guide indispensable pour ne plus vous empoisonner » ; Corinne GOUGET, Editions Chariot d’Or, 2013, ISBN 978-2-9118-0669-8.  14e édition de ce best-seller. C. GOUGET s’est fait connaître (et apprécier) tant par son livre que par ses nombreuses apparitions mobilisatrices sur internet (voir notam. youTube).
  • « Du poison dans votre assiette ? » ; Cécile Voss, Editions Test-Achats / VSZ, 2000, ISBN 2-930241-18-7.
  • « Les additifs alimentaires. Ce que cachent les étiquettes » ; Hélène Barbier Du Vimont, Editions Trédaniel Poche, 2008, ISBN 978-2-84445-860-5.
  • «Cancer Mortality and Morbidity Among Rubber Workers.» Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Vol. 61, no. 4, p. 1047-1053.
  • 17th report. Toxicological evaluation of some food additives including anticaking agents, antimicrobials, antioxidants, emulsifiers, and thickening agents. Nutrition Meetings Report Series, No. 53, 1974. WHO Technical Reports Series, No. 539, 1974; WHO Food Additives Series N.5.
  • AFFSA, 2004. Evaluation des risques liés à l‟utilisation du formaldéhyde en alimentation animale. http://www.econologie.info/share/partager2/1292066952xArJ2J.pdf
  • Allergy in Practice, By Johannes Ring, page 110
  • Allgen LG, Holmberg G, Persson B, Sörbo B, 1979. Biological fate of methenamine in man. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 58, 287-293.
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Commission des Communautés Européennes, «Directive 2008/84/CE de la commission du 27 août 2008 portant établissement de critères de pureté spécifiques pour les additifs alimentaires autres que les colorants et les édulcorants», dans Journal officiel de l’Union européenne, no L 253, 20 septembre 2008, p.  1-175 [texte intégral (page consultée le 03/10/2008. ) 

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